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AD 230 schizo

Schizophrenia positive and negatve symptoms

Schizophrenia positive symptoms reflects excess or distortion of normal function.
Schizophrenia positive symptom categories Content of thought, form of thought, perception, sense of self
Schizophrenia positive (content of thought): Delusional false personal beliefs – continues to have the belief even though it can be proven false.
Schizophrenia positive (content of thought):Religiosity excessive demonstration of obsession with religious ideas and behavior
Schizophrenia positive (content of thought): paranoia extreme suspiciousness of others
Schizophrenia positive (content of thought): Magical thinking The idea that one’s thoughts or behaviors have control over specific situations or people (e.g. step on a crack, break your mothers back).
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought):Associative looseness shift of ideas from one unrelated topic to another; The flow of speech shift from on unrelated topic to another – topics are unconnected.
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought): neologisms Made-up words that have meaning only to the individual who invents them
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought): Concrete thinking Literal interpretations of the environment (e.g. trying to literally interpret “it’s raining cats and dogs”.
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought): Clang Association Choice of words is governed by sound (often rhyming) E.g. “it is very cold, I’am cold and bold. The gold has been sold”
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought): Word salad A group of words put together randomly, without any logical connection
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought): Circumstantially A delay in reaching the point of a communication due to unnecessary and tedious details ; Person needs to be re-directed or kept on track of topic being discussed, with the point or goal usually met.
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought):Tangentiality Inability to get to point of communication due to introduction of many new topics;Person never gets to the point or goal of communication.
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought):Mutism Inability or refusal to speak
Schizophrenia positive (Form of Thought): Perservation persistent repetition of the same word or idea in response to different questions
Schizophrenia positive (Perception): Hallucinations False sensory perceptions not associated with real external stimuli
Schizophrenia positive (Perception): illusions Misperceptions of real external stimuli
Schizophrenia positive - Sense of self: the uniqueness and individuality a person feels
A person with schizophrenia has weak ego boundaries, lacks feeling of uniqueness = confusion
Schizophrenia positive (Sense of self) - Echolalia: repeating words that are heard
Schizophrenia positive (Sense of self) - Echopraxia: repeating movements that are observed
Schizophrenia positive (Sense of self) - Identification and imitation Taking on the form of behavior one observes in another
Schizophrenia positive (Sense of self) - Depersonalization feelings of unreality
Schizophrenia positive - Perception the interpretation of stimuli through the senses
Schizophrenia negative Loss of normal functions
Schizophrenia negative categories Affect, volition, Impaired interpersonal functioning & relationship to the external world, psychomotor behavior, Association features.
Schizophrenia negative (Affect): An individual's feelings or emotional tone
Schizophrenia negative (Affect):Innappropriate affect Emotional tone is incongruent with the circumstances ;E.g. Client who cries when he hears of his mothers death.
Schizophrenia negative (Affect):Bland affect Emotional tone is very weak
Schizophrenia negative (Affect):Flat affect Individual appears to be void of emotional tone
Schizophrenia negative (Affect):Apathy Indifference to or disinterest in the environment
Schizophrenia negative (Volition) Impairment in the ability to initiate goal-directed activity
Schizophrenia negative (Volition)examples May take form of inadequate motivation, or ability to chose a logical course of action given the situation.
Schizophrenia negative (Volition): emotional ambivalence The coexistence of opposite emotions toward the same object, person, or situation; Inability to make a simple decision (e.g. whether to have coffee or tea)
Schizophrenia - negative (Impaired interpersonal functioning and relationship to the external world): Autism The focus inward on a fantasy world, while distorting or excluding the external environment.
Schizophrenia -negative (Impaired interpersonal functioning and relationship to the external world):Deteriorated appearance Personal grooming and self-care activities are neglected.
Schizophrenia - (Psychomotor behavior)-negative: Anergia a deficiency of energy. May lack energy to carry out ADL’s
Schizophrenia - (Psychomotor behavior)-negative: Waxy flexibility passive yielding of all moveable parts of the body to any efforts made at placing them in certain positions o Once placed in position, the arm, leg or head stays in that same position for a long time.
Schizophrenia - (Psychomotor behavior)-negative: Posturing Voluntary assumption of inappropriate or bizarre postures
Schizophrenia - (Psychomotor behavior)-negative: Pacing and rocking pacing back and forth and rocking of the body
Schizophrenia - Negative (Associated features): Anhedonia inability to experience pleasure
Schizophrenia - Negative (Associated features):regression Retreat to an earlier level of development
Created by: Wends1984