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8th Science 10

Ch. 10

QuestionAnswer
Mars's two moons are Deimos and Phobos
What is the largest moon in the solar system ganymede
A hertzsprung-russell diagram is a two-dimensional graph that compares stars by their temperature and brightness
the summer triangle is formed of the stars Deneb, Vega and Altair
During what phase of the moon is the entire sunlit side visible full moon
The orbits of the planets are symmetrical ovals called ellipses
frozen chunks of ice and dust that orbit the sun are called comets
The explosion of a star is called a supernova
The convection cells that cover the sun's visible surface are called granules
What are the flamelike columns of gas that continually erupt from the lowest layer of the sun's atmosphere spicules
What is the visible portion of the sun photosphere
What galaxy shape is Milky Way barred spiral
What unit of measurement is approximately equal to the distance between the sun and the earth astronomical unit
describes Venus's backward rotation on its axis retrograde
name for the period of time that the moon takes to orbit the earth lunar month
imaginary sphere with Earth at the center and the heavenly bodies on its inner surface celestial sphere
imaginary band in the sky in which the sun, moon and planets travel zodiac
the two planets between which the asteroid belt is located Mars, Jupiter
an object that orbits another object satellite
describes a star that is always above the horizon to an observer at a particular location circumpolar
What group of small, icy objects orbit the sun outside the orbit of the outermost planet Kuiper belt
The observed brightness that a star would have to an observer located 10 parsecs away is the ? magnitude absolute
What is the cloud of gas and dust that surrounds the center of a comet coma
who developed the law of universal gravitation isaac newton
what is a rapidly rotating star that emits directional beams of radio waves pulsar
what latin word is used to refer to the lunar seas mare
Which scientific law states the relationship between a planet's period and average distance from the sun third law of planetary motion
What is the apparent change in the position of an object caused by an actual change in the position of the observer parallax
What is the largest galaxy in the Local group Andromeda galaxy
Which category of stars includes the sun main sequence
With which planet do the Trojan asteroids share an orbit jupiter
what is an object so massive and dense that not even light can escape its gravity black hole
the largest planet Jupiter
known for its rings Saturn
outermost planet in our solar system Neptune
fastest moving planet Mercury
sometimes called the morning star and evening star Venus
gas giant that seems to lie on its side uranus
notable feature is Olympus Mons Mars
A planet's closest approach to the sun is perihelion
the idea that the earth is at the center of the universe and that the sun, planets and stars all revolve around the earth is the geocentric view
a small rock from space that is burning up as it passes through Earth's atmosphere is a meteor
a large cloud of gas and dust in space is called nebula
the phenomenon in which the moon passes between the sun and the earth is a solar eclipse
the study of God's creation beyond the atmosphere astronomy
A small group of stars that is used to form a picture or represent an object asterism
Created by: Harrison83