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CNS med surg

Agosia loss of ability to recognize objects
Ataxia inability to coordiante muscle movement
Aphasia Inability to express/understand language
Dysphasia No speech
Dysphonia change in the tone of the voice
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Otorrhea leakage of CSF through the ear
Rhinorrhea leakage of CSF through the nose
Hmiplegia one-half of a pt.'s body is paralyed
stereognosis the ability to perceive the form of an object by using the sense of touch
paraplegi paralysis of the lower portion of the body, sometimes involving the trunk
graphesthesia the ability to recognize writing on the skin
bradykinesia slowed movement due to muscle rigidity
hemianopsia the loss of half the vision in both eyes
fasciculation involuntary twitch of muscle fibers
coma unconsciousness, unresponsiveness, and inability to arouse
akinetic mutism unresponsiveness to the environment, pt. makes no movement or sound but sometimes opens eyes
persistent vegetative state pt. is devoid of cognitive function but has sleep way sycles
lock-in syndrome pt. is unable to move or respond except for eye movements due to a lesion affecting the pons
decorticate posturing flexion and internal rotation of forearms and hands; lesions to the corticospinal tracts
decerebrate rigidity extension and external rotation of forearms and hands; lesions to the midbrain, pons, or diencephalons
Created by: syrosaneli
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