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Minimizing the effects of bedrest

List 3 names used to identify pressure ulcers. Decubitus ulcer, bedsore or pressure sore
List eight sites where pressure ulcers commonly occur. Shoulder blades, elbows, hip bones, sacrum, knees, ankle bones, heels and toes.
Describe how PRESSURE causes pressure ulcers. When skin between bony surfaces are squeezed between hard surfaces. Pressure prevents blood flow to skin.
Describe how FRICTION causes pressure ulcers. Scrapes the skin making an open area.
Describe how SHEARING causes pressure ulcers. Skin sticks to a surface and deeper tissue move downward. Blood flow to certain areas are reduced because blood vessels and tissues are damaged.
State 3 reasons older people are at greater risk for developing pressure ulcers. Age-related skin changes can be easily damaged, the elderly are more likely to have a chronic disease and more likely to have general debility.
What are early signs of pressure ulcers? Reddened are or pale skin.
What will patients with pressure sores complain of? Pain, burning or tingling. Some don't notice anything unusual.
To prevent pressure ulcers you should reposition the patient every ___ hours. 2 hours
To prevent pressure ulcers you should avoid raising the head of the bed more than ___ degrees whenever possible. 30 degrees
To prevent pressure ulcers by keeping the skin exposure to _________ to a minimum. moisture
To prevent pressure ulcers you should keep the patients _____ off the bed. heels
To prevent pressure ulcers you should remind patients who sit in a chair to reposition every ___________. 15 minutes
Avoid _____ and _______ when lifting or moving a resident. shearing and friction
Keep patients skin _____ and ___. clean and dry.
Follow patients care plan for the use of _____. soap
Apply a ________ to dry areas. moisturizer
Give _____ _________ when repositioning a patient. back massage
Keep bed linens ____, _____ and __________. clean, dry and wrinkle free
Avoid massaging directly on ____ _____. red areas
Use ______ and ______ to prevent skin to skin contact. pillows and pads
Use ____________ ______ when ordered. protective devices
What should you do if you see signs of skin break down or pressure ulcers? Report immediately
Why should you "bed cradle" a patient? To prevent the pressure of bed linens on legs and feet.
Created by: MelissaSueAnn