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Foundation Chap 34

Basic Concepts of Mental Health

QuestionAnswer
Behavior As the manner in which a person performs any or all of the activities of daily life
Mental health As ones ability to cope with and adjust to the recurrent stresses of everyday living
Factors that can affect Mental Health Inherited,characteristics,childhood nursing,lifes circumstances
Negative influence factors of Mental health Extreme sibling rivalry,Deprivation of maternal love,broken relationships,parental rejection,poverty
Positive influence factors of Mental Health inherent,mother child bonding at birth,positive success in school,The right of privelage
Mental Health and Mental Illness opposite ends of the mental health continuum Mental health-Adaptive, Mental Illness-Maladaptive
Maladaption not providing adequate or appropriate adjustment to the situation or environment
Characteristic identified in Mental Health
personality the relatively consistent set of attitudes and behaviors particular to an individual
personality unique patterns mental, emotional, behavior traits, woven together.
Linda Richards was the first psychiatric nurse in the 1880s she provided the first training school for nurses
Martha Mitchell a nurse educator and clinical specialist in psychiatric mental health nursing
Dr. sigmoid freud father of psychiatry Australian elaborate theories and treatments of illness.
Hippocrates isolation of behavior elements of the world by physicians goals to make patient comfortable with massage warm bath and music
first hospital in London England for mental institution Bethlem Royal Hospital.patients were called lunatics freaks laughed at people paid money to go look at the patients patients were In a dirty environment
Dr. Phillipe pinel advocate for human care he started case history for patients change concept of care opened 2 Paris hospitals.
Dr. Benjamin Rush father of American psychiatry also signed the declaration of independence established to American hospitals for psych patients.
self is a complex concept comprising four distinct parts that influence behavior
personal identity is the; I
body image includes feelings about the way you look, the way your body functions, sex, size, whether your body image help she realize personal gains.
manifestations of body image includes stance, posture, clothing, and jewelry
role performance is expected behavior of an individual and social position
roles ascribed role – being female or male involves no personal choice, assumed role – occupation is selected by individual.
self-esteem is the assessment we make about personal worth
self-concept framework of reference we use for all we know experience. self-concept includes all perceptions and values each of us holds and our behaviors and interactions.
stress is a nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it.
stressors are a situation activity or any event that produces stress.
examples of stressors physical, social, economic, chemical, spiritual or developmental, or some combination of all of these.
good stress that facilitates individual growth and development and promotes changes and adaptions brings positive results.
bad stress can be overwhelming yielding the negative carrot sticks or ineffective coping.
anxiety a bag feeling of apprehension that results from perceived threat to self.
mild form of anxiety white increase in vital signs and an awareness of danger able to think and make connections is ready for action motivation is increased.
moderate anxiety feels tension perception has decreased physical signs and symptoms often appear of headache, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, lower back pain, and increased vital signs.
severe anxiety experiences a feeling of impending danger,communication possibly distorted possibly distorted and feels fatigued,and changes in vital signs potentially evident on assessment.
panic anxiety feeling of extreme terror, possibly becomes immobilized, reality is distorted,has potential to cause harm to self and others.
motivation the gathering of personal resources or inner drive to complete a task or reach a goal.
frustration anything interferes with gold directed activity.
conflict struggle usually a mental one either conscious or unconscious.
adaptation to our ability to adjust to a changing life situations by using various strategies.
coping responses the responses we used to reduce anxiety brought on by stress.
common coping responses over eating drinking smoking which raw seeking out to someone to talk with yelling exercising or other physical activity pacing or listening to music.
defense mechanisms behavior patterns that protect us against a real or perceived threat.
illness behaviors a state of homeless static imbalance.
crisis a time of change or turning point in life when we find it necessary to modify patterns of living to prevent our own disorganization or that of our family. Difficulty coping with an illness or crisis denial hostile anger and aggression.
denial with an illness refuses to admit that they are ill short-term denial or a long-term denial.
anxiety with an illness Phillies of apprehension and uncertainty about illness
fear with an illness fight or flight response assess vital signs to help maintain level of anxiety.
shock with illness an overwhelming emotion that paralyzes their individual ability to process information no decision-making is possible unable to sort through information received example, you have cancer.
anger with illness a response to feeling mistreated injured or insulted anger behaviors as directed either inward or outward others or both.
withdrawal with illness removes itself from interaction with others and the environment and will isolate herself or himself from family.
identity crisis as a condition of instability that arises from emotional or situational upheaval and result in extreme or decisive change. Nurses deal with crisis every day.
mental illness often consists of a pattern of behaviors that is can specialist threatening destructive Avenue relationships or the deviates significantly from behavior that is considered socially and culturally acceptable.
disinstitutionalization release of institutional psychiatric patients to have and receive treatment in a community setting.
characteristics identified mental illness poor self-concept, feelings of inadequacy, poor judgment, and ability to cope, irresponsibility, Mel and adaptive behavior, demands or seeks immediate gratification, and inability to establish a meaningful relationship.
ID the basic innate drive for survival and pleasure, demand constant gratification, it's goals are to reduce tension, to increase pleasure, and to keep discomfort to a minimum.
ego the reality factor, decide how to act and when to act, helps the individual perceived conditions accurately.
super ego the parental and societal value system, strives to perfection and morality, develops from the ego, serves as a judge or censor over thoughts and activities of an eagle
compensation the individual makes up for a deficiency in one area by excelling in or emphasizing another area.
conversion emotional conflicts are turned into a physical system which provides individual was some sort of benefit secondary gain.
denial reality is denied like it does not exist.
displacement emotions are expressed toward someone or something other than the actual source of the emotion.The individual does not feel safe expressing the feelings directly.
disassociation separation and detachment of emotional significance and effect from an idea or situation.
introjection a quality or at Butte of another is internalized and becomes part of the individual.
regression behavior, thoughts, or fillings used at an earlier stage of development are exhibited.
repression the unconscious process of borrowing from conscience thought of painful, disagreeable thoughts, experiences, and or impulses.
sublimation the discharge of sexual or aggressive energy and impulses in a socially acceptable way.
suppression an intentional conscious exclusion of painful thoughts, experiences, or impulses.
William Tukes he is a Quaker built in an asylum similar to a Quaker home he was a philosophy of care encourage acceptable behavior by providing a nurturing atmosphere
Bedlam means place of confusion and disaster
Dr. Benjamin Rush father of American psychiatry signer of the declaration of independence.he also established the first psychiatric hospital in Williamsburg Virginia.
Dorothea Dix retired schoolteacher upon by care survey jails silent houses told anyone who would listen about the conditions.
Clifford beers college student that wrote the book in mind that found itself he had attempted suicide spent three years in a mental hospital.
electroconvulsive therapy treatment developed to treat mental health patients.
1981 Pres. Ronald Reagan did what? he passed the OBRA Act. Drastically reducing funding for the mental health system.
in 1979 Jimmy Carter established? the president commission of mental health.
crisis interventions goals are to decrease emotional stress and protect the victim, assist the victim to organize and mobilize resources, return to precrisis status or a higher functional level.
Created by: lisaglisson