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Week 9 Terms

QuestionAnswer
Aerobic Exercise Are those activities that are supported by aerobic metabolism (the breakdown of carbs and fats to carbon dioxide and water in the presence of oxygen-krebs cycle)
Angina Pectoris Pain and oppression about the heart. Caused by insufficient supply of blood to the heart
Angiocardiography An x-ray procedure that permits visualization of the vascular tree of the heart through the intravascular injection of radiopaque contrast medium
Apical-Radial Pulse An apical and radial pulse taken simultaneously by two nurses using the same watch. Normally they should be identical
Arteriosclerosis Term applied to the number of pathological conditions in which there is thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls and blood vessels, especially arteries
AST Aspartate Aminotransferase. Enzymes found in moderate amount in heart and liver and in skeletal muscles
Atherosclerosis Abnormal accumulation of lipid deposits and fibrous tissue within arterial walls and the lumen
Cardiac Output Amount of blood discharged from the left and right ventricle per minute
Cardiovascular Pertains to the heart and the blood vessels
Chemoreceptors Sense organs or sensory nerve endings which are stimulated by a chemical substance
Cholesterol A sterol widely distributed in animal tissue and occurring in egg yolk, various oil, fats and nerve tissue of the brain and the spinal cord
Clubbed Fingers Rounding of ends and swelling of fingers in children with congenital heart disease and in older children and adults with long-standing pulmonary disease
Coronary Occlusion Closing off of a coronary artery
Cor Pulmonale Acute right heart strain or chronic right ventricular hypertrophy with or without heart failure resulting from disease states whcih affects the function and/or structure of the lungs and cause pulmonary hypertension
CPK-MB Creatinine Phosphokinase. Enzyme located primarily in the heart muscle. Elevation is highly indicative of an MI
Dysrhythmias Disorders of formation or conduction of the electrical impulse within the heart
Digitalizing Dose Subjection of an organism to the action of the digitalis
Echocardiogram Use of ultrasound to assess both the structure and motion within the heart. A small transducer is placed on the anterior chest and is moved in various directions
Electrocardiogram (EKG,ECG) A graphic representation of the electrical currents of the heart
Embolism Obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign substance or a blood clot
Ischemia Local or temporary deficiency of blood supply to a part due to obstruction of the circulation
LDH Lactate dehydrogenase. Enzyme found in many body tissues including the heart. Elevations after an MI seen for 1-2 weeks
Lipoproteins A conjugated protein consisting of a simple protein combined with a lipid
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND) Difficult breathing which occurs several hours after lying down. Results from accumulation of fluids in the lungs as person is lying in bed
Patent Ductus Arteriosus A congenital anomaly in which the fetal ductus arteriosus persist after birth
Prothrombin Time (pro time) A test of clotting time made by determining the time for clotting to occur after thromboplastin and calcium are added to decalcified plasma
Pulmonary Edema Effusion of serous fluid into air vesicles and into interstitial tissue of the lungs
Sedimentation Rate (sed rate) Lab test of speed at which erythrocytes settle when an anticoagulant is added to the blood
Stress Testing Exercise electrocardiography is a non-invasive test used to evaluate cardiovascuar response to controlled physical work loads
Tetralogy Of Fallot A congenital condition characterized by defect in the interventricular septum, stenosis of the pulmonary artery, overriding the aorta and the hypertrophy of the right ventricle
Thrombosis Formation of a blood clot
Valves Cusps or flaps of the heart lining that closes as the heart chambers fill up with blood, thus keeping the blood flowing in one direction
Created by: nonelily