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Japanese E-2 CH8 Gra

Japanese E-2 CH8 Grammar

QuestionAnswer
numbers larger than 100 for numbers larger than 100, combine each non-zero digit in its reading, e.g. 324 is さんびゃくにじゅうよん
numbers larger than 100, base unit for numbers 10,000 or larger まん
~んで is used in a formation with plain form and んです at the end. Replacement for ~ます. Shows the person you are talking to that they are part of your social group, not an outsider. Friendly, shows concern for others, and in these ways serves as politeness.
~んで, first common use first common use is to invite explanation beyond the simplest answer, which is an expression of interest and friendliness. Too much use is nosy or imposing.
~んで, second common use giving excuses or explaining the reasons for a situation without explicit indication, e.g. a vague excuse.
~んで, third common use confirming the speaker's assumption, or giving and requestioning an explanation or reason.
~んで, fourth common use surprise or irritation
~んで, asking why どうして (why) is commonly used with ~んで. An answer is also given with ~んで (and at the same time, ので). It indicates that an explanation is being given.
~んで, asking why, politeness どうして often implies surprise about somone's behavior and demand for an explanation, so it can sound aggressive or accusatory.
どうしてですか Why is that?
expressing wants express wants by using the same construction as for すき, but with the adjective ほしい instead.
expressing wants, negative form ほしくありません/ほしくないです. は replaces が when a contrast is present, and this is common.
expressing what someone else wants use the ~がっている ending instead of い, which means "he or she is showing signs of ~." (in the case of ほしがっている, showing signs of wanting)
expressing what someone else wants, object particle Use を instead of が.
expressing what someone else wants, explanation for why the Japanese language considers that one's emotional state is only know by oneself.
expressing desire to do something keep ます stem, replace ます with たい. This makes the verb into somewhat functionally an い adjective, to be topped off with a copula verb.
expressing desire to do something, object particle In this construction, the object marker を of the verb can be replaced with が. This is commonly the case.
expressing desire to do something, politeness to superiors use ~ますか or ~いかがですか instead of ~たいですか.
expressing desire to do something, someone else's use ~がっているand を
~まい thin objects
~ひき fish, small four-legged animals
~ほん long cylindrical objects
~さつ bound objects
~つ objects not fitting any specific category
thin objects paper, plates, T-shirts, CDs, DVDs
fish, small four-legged animals dogs, cats, mice
long cylindrical objects pencils, pens, bottles, ans, belts, ties, trousers, movies/films
bound objects books, dictionaries, magazines
objects not fitting any specific category apples, rings, earrings, oranges, balls
Created by: ncommons