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MrsC Med Term Endocr

MrsC Med Term 18 Endocrine

QuestionAnswer
aden/o: gland
calc/o: calcium
dips/o: thirst
gluc/o: sugar
glyc/o: sugar
kal/i: potassium
myx/o: mucous
thyr/o: thyroid
home/o: sameness
Natr/o: sodium
-agon: assemble or gather together
-ectomy: removal, excision, resection
-emia: blood condition
-uria: urine condition
hyper-: excessive; above
hypo-: deficient,below
poly-: many, much
Eu- good, normal
thyroid scan Administration of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules
Achondroplasia Defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth
Secondary complications of diabetes mellitus neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy
Characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus Little or no insulin produced, rapid onset
Tetany Constant muscle contraction
Exophthalmos is a symptom of Graves disease
Goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
Thyrotoxicosis hypersecretion of the thyroid gland called Graves disease
Acromegaly Post-puberty hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland
Myxedema Advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood
Cushing syndrome A group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex
Diabetes mellitus Insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis
Gynecomastia excessive development of mammary tissue in a male
Gonadotropins Secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland
Estrogen hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex
Iodine an element that is present in thyroxine
Sodium an example of an electrolyte
ACTH hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones
Parathyroid hormone hormone regulates calcium in the blood and bones
Insulin hormone secreted by the pancreas to control blood sugar levels
Adrenal cortex secretes cortisol
Adenohypophysis anterior pituitary gland
thyroid gland Secretes thyroxine
pituitary gland gland that produces hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
pheochromocytoma benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine
Cushing's syndrome which is an autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism, is characterized by goiter and exophthalmos
Myxedema adult hypothyroidism, is caused by extreme deficiency of thyroid secretion
Created by: cudawn