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level 9 History

Ludwig Van Beethoven

birthplace Bonn, Germany
Received early training from: Father, Johann, who was a tenor and violinist
genres which he expanded sonata, concerto, symphony
birth/death dates 1770 - 1827
date of death father was demanding and cruel - when he died, teenaged Ludwig needed to work in music to raise money and support his mother and two brothers, and on her death he became the head of the household at 17
Famous sonatas Pathetique, Hammerklavier, Moonlight
Cyclical structure Material in one movement recurs in later movements
Scherzo and trio Italian for "Jest" or "Joke", usually A-B-A form. Beethoven used it in place of the elegant Minuet and trio in third movements
innovations explosive accents, heightened dynamics to express stronger emotions, bold architectural changes (e.g.cyclical structure), orchestral enhancements with added instruments and even chorus, expanded use of the piano keyboard,
famous symphonies Eroica (#3), Pastoral (#6), Choral (#9)
song cycle To the Distant Beloved (An Die Ferne Geliebte)
opera Fidelio
patrons (employers) freelance composer who wrote music on commission for wealthy patrons
Created by: tdaniell