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Comm and media law

Comm and media law, Iygor, Chap 6

Chilling effect reluctance of journalists to pursue controversial topics for fear of libel suits
Communication refers to the fact that a newspaper has been published, a broadcast has gone out over the airwaves, or the material on the internet has been exposed to the public
defemation used to refer to both libel and slander, in some states
fair comment and criticism defense in libel cases that applies to forms of opinion writing such as editorials, columns and entertainment reviews
group libel legal actions take by individuals claiming that they were defames by criticisms of the group
injurous falsehood used to refer to both libel and slander, in some states
Involuntart public figure person who does not seek the spobetlight but instead is thrust into it by circumstance
libel per se of a communicator form of falsehood stated directly
libel per quod form of falsehood that is implied rather that directly stated
limited public figure otherwise private person who is considered a public figure only in connection to a specific news story or issue
Malice intent of a communicator to spread info known to be false
neutral reportage extension of the privelge defense. not recognized by all courts
Privelege libel defense in which info cannot be subject of libel action if it is announced at a government meeting or during a legal preceeding
product disparagement form of libel in which the subject is a companys product rather than the company as a whole
public figure an individual such as a public official, entertainment celebrity, or well-known professional or amateur athlete
public official public figure who serves in a public office, campaigns for public office, or participates in policy development
rhetorical hyperbole clear exaggeration or falsehood that is not intended to be taken seriously by the audience
wire service defense provides limited protection for newspapers or other media outlets that publish or broadcast defamatory info derived from wire service reports
All purpose figure public official or celebrity whose name is a household name
Created by: Daceycarey2121