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Laposki Music

mid term music

TermDefinition
pitch degree of highness or lowness
dynamics degree of loudness or softness
tone color/ timbre diffrent things sound different at the same note/pitch
beat basic unit of time
meter pattern into which beats are grouped
syncopation notes off the beat
tempo rate at which beats are occuring
cadences stable combinations
arpeggio sounding of individual tones of a chord in sequence not simultaneously
dissonance unstable
monophonic one melody on its own
homophony one melodic line with simple harmonic accomponient
polyphony 2 or more simltaneously occuring melodic lines
chord comdination of notes all at once
progression series of chords
major key happy upbeat
minor key serious
modulation change of keys
Gregorina chant melody set to sacred Latin sung without accompaniment chant is monophonic texture
church modes scales containing 7 tones with and 8th tond duplicaitng the first highter
Drone one ore more long sustained tones ccompanying a melody
Organum gregorina chant and one or more additional melodic lines
ballata italina poetic and musical form that originated as a dance song
mass ordinary test that reamin the same from day to day throughout the church year
word painting musical representation of specific poetic images
a cappella choral music
motet polyphonic choral work during the ordinary of the mass
mass a polyphonic choral composition made up of 5 sections
polychoral motets motets for 2 or more choirs with groups of instruments
terraced dynamics the alternation between loud and soft
figured bass the bass part with numbers
movement a peice that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition
concerto grosso a small group of soloists pitted agains a larger group of players
rittornello form based on alternation between tutti and solo sections
fugue a polyphonic composition based on one main theme
opera drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment
libretto text
aria song for a solo voice with orchestrall accompaniment
recitative a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch of speech
ensemble three or more singers
chorus generates atmosphere and makes comments on the action
overture or prelude open with pure orchestral compostion
sonata a compostition in several movements for one to eight instruments
chorale hymn tune sng to a german religious text
chorale prelude a short comp based on the hymn tune that reminded the congregation of the melody
cantata in several movements usually for chorus , one or more vocal soloists and instrumental ensemble
sonata form single movement consisting of three main sections, exposition, development, and recapitulation condluding with coda
coda concluding section following the recapitulation and rounding off the movemnt by repeating the themes
minuet and trio derived from a dance in three parts
serenade a wrok that is usually light in mood
rondo featuring a main theme that returns several time in alternation with other themes
concerto a 3 movement work for an instrumental soloist and orchestra
cadenza special unaccompanied showpiece for the soloist
Created by: LaposkiJ