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IS8 Bacteria Test 1

QuestionAnswer
Peptococcus G(+) Anaerobic Cocci - Found in the mouth
Peptostreptococcus G(+) Anaerobic Cocci - Found in the mouth
Staphylococcus aureus G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(+) Coagulase(+) Grows golden on sheep's blood agar
Staphylococcus epidermidis G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(+) Coagulase(-) Found on the skin
Staphylococcus saprophyticus G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(+) Coagulase(-) UTI's
Streptococcus pneumoniae G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) Alpha-hemolytic Hang out in pairs "diplococci" Found in upper airways.
Viridans streptococcus G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) Alpha-hemolytic Found in the mouth and on skin.
Streptococcus pyogenes (Grp A) G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) Beta-hemolytic Strep throat, skin issues/cellulitis
Streptococcus agalactiae (Grp B) G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) Beta-hemolytic Cellulitis, vaginal colonization (birth issues)
Streptococcus (Grp C, F, G) G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) Beta-hemolytic Cellulitis
Enterococcus faecium G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) NON-hemolytic
Enterococcus faecalis G(+) Aerobic Cocci - Catalase(-) NON-hemolytic
Propionibacterium G(+) Anaerobic Bacilli
Actinomyces G(+) Anaerobic Bacilli
Clostridium G(+) Anaerobic Bacilli
Corynebacterium G(+) Aerobic Bacilli
Listeria G(+) Aerobic Bacilli - common cause of meningitis
Lactobacillus G(+) Aerobic/Anaerobic Bacilli - Urinary issues, GI tract - Facultative anaerobic
Gardnerella G(+) Aerobic Bacilli - Urinary issues, GI tract
Neisseria G(-) Cocci - Causes gonorrhea and meningitidis
Moraxella G(-) Cocci - May appear as coccobacilli (rounded rods that look like oval racetrack). Mostly respiratory tract (ear/URI/LRI) issues.
Bacteroides G(-) Anaerobic Bacilli - Live in the gut and can cause serious infections.
Prevotella G(-) Anaerobic Bacilli - Live in the gut and can cause serious infections.
Fusobacterium G(-) Anaerobic Bacilli - Live in the gut and can cause serious infections.
Vibrio G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. Lactose fermenter.
Aeromonas G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. Lactose fermenter.
Enterobacteriaceae morphology? G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. Lactose fermenter. Live in the gut OR cause havoc in the gut.
The 8 bacteria that makeup Enterobacteriaceae? E. coli, klebsiella, serratia, enterobacter, citrobacter, proteus, salmonella, shigella.
Pseudomonas G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. NON-Lactose fermenter. Hospital/ICU acquired bug - NOT enterobacteriaceae;
Acinetobacter G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. NON-Lactose fermenter. Hospital/ICU acquired bug - NOT enterobacteriaceae; May appear as coccobacilli
Burkholderia G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. NON-Lactose fermenter.
Stenotrophomonas G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Rapid growth on std agar. NON-Lactose fermenter.
Haemophilus G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Fastidious organisms (slow grower) May appear as coccobacilli; Influenza.
Campylobacter G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Fastidious organisms (slow grower) Gastroenteritis.
Helicobacter G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Fastidious organisms (slow grower) H. pylori / ulcer issues
Bartonella G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Fastidious organisms (slow grower) Fleas (homeless people).
HACEK organism morphology? G(-) Aerobic Bacilli - Fastidious organisms (slow grower) Show up in endocarditis, live in the mouth.
The 5 HACEK organisms. Haemophilus, actinobacillus, cardiobacterium, eikenella, kingella.
Legionella Atypical - no cell wall - doesn't stain. Common in pneumonia patients.
Mycoplasma Atypical - no cell wall - doesn't stain. Common in pneumonia patients.
Chlamydia Atypical - no cell wall - doesn't stain.
The three atypical bacteria? (3) Legionella, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia
Natural flora of the skin? (4) Strep, staph epidermidis, corynebacterium, propionobacterium.
Natural flora of the mouth? (6) Strep viridans, peptococcus, peptostreptococcus, eikenella, haemophilus, candida.
Natural flora of the upper airways? (5) Strep pneumonia, strep pyogenes, neisseria, haemophilus influenza, staph aureus (nose).
Natural flora of the lower airways? None - its sterile.
Natural flora of proximal small intestine? (3) enterococcus, lactobacillus, candida
Natural flora of large intestine/rectum? (7) Strep, lactobacillus, clostridia, enterococcus, enterobacteriaceae, bacteroides, candida.
Natural flora of Genito-urinary tract? (6) Lactobacillus, prevotella, enterobacteriaceae, group B strep (agalactiae), staph, candida.
Natural flora of blood, CSF and urine? None - its sterile.
Natural flora of distal small intestine? (4) enterococcus, bacteroides, enterobacteriaceae, lactobacillus
Created by: 643883641