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Stack #121119

a MCPHS- Provider I- Ch 26- Assessment of Cardiovascular Function

Stroke volume Amount of blood ejected per heartbeat
Sympathetic impulses vs. Parasympathetic implusles r/t HR S:Increase HR, P:Decrease HR
Catecholamines & Thyroid hormone r/t HR Increase HR
3 Factors that determine Stroke volume Preload, Afterload, Contractility
Diuresis, Venodilating agents & Low blood volume r/t Preload Decrease preload
Signs and symptoms of CVD are r/t Dysrhythmias, Conduction problems, CAD, HF, Cardiogenic shock
Indicator r/t Dysfunction of heart Reduced pulse pressure, Cardiac enlargement, Abnormal heart sounds
Central cyanosis is observed Tongue, Buccal mucosa
3 most common causes r/t Orthostatic hypotension Reduced blood volume, Vasoconstrictor mechanism insufficiencies, Insufficient autonomic vasoconstricition
Time elapse b/w postural changes r/t Orthostatic hypotension measurement 1-3 minutes
Inadequate renal perfusion r/t Urine output Decreases urine output
First enzyme level to increase r/t MI Creatine kinase
Myoglobin vs. Troponin M:Can rule out early diasnosis of MI, T:Very early or late MI diagnosis
Normal cholesterol level Less than 200 mg/dL
LDL vs. HDL r/t function LDL:transports cholesterol and triglycerides into cell, HDL:transports away from tissues/cells to liver for excretion
Triglyceride levels r/t LDL & HDL levels LDL and triglycerides increase, HDL decreases
Brain natriuretic peptide(BNP) excellent in diagnosing Heart Failure
End products of protein metabolism BUN and creatinine
Prothrombin time(PT) and International Normalized Ratio(INR) measure Level of coagulation and effectiveness of warfarin(Coumadin)
3 tests r/t Cardiac stress test Excersise stress test, Pharmacologic stress test, Mental stress test
Created by: rpclothier