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AEMT NREMT vocab

chapter 1-4 Advanced Emergency Care and Transport of sick and Injured

TermDefinition
Advanced Emergency Medical Technician An emergency medical provider who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as IV therapy and administration of certain medications
Advanced life support Advanced life saving procedure, some of which are now being provided by AEMT
Americans With Disabilities Act Comprehensive legislation that s designed to protect people with disables against discrimination
Automated External Defibrillator a device that detect triable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient
certification a process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care
Continuous quality improvement a system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspect of an EMS system
Emergency medical dispatch a system that assist dispatchers inn selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance and in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews
Emergency Medical Services a multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to sick and injured people.
Emergency Medical Responder the first trained person, such as a police officer, firefighter, or other rescuer to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical treatment
Emergency Medical Technician an emergency medical provider who has training in basic emergency care skills, including automative external defibrillation, use of definitive airway adjuncts, and assisting patients with certain medications
Health information portability and accountability act (HIPAA) the legislation enacted in 1996 providing for criminal sanctions and for civil penalties for releasing a patient's protected health information in a way not to authorized by the patient
licensure the process whereby a state allows qualified people to perform a regulated act
medical control physician instruction that are given directly by radio (online of r=direct) or indirectly by protocols or guidelines (offline or indirect) s authorized by the medical director of the service program
Medical Director the physician who authorizes or delegates tot he provider authority to perform health care in field
National EMS Scope of Practice Model a document created by the national highway traffic safety safety administration that outlines the skills performed by various ems providers
Paramedic an emergency medical provide who has extensive training in advance life support, including intravenous therapy, pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other advanced assessment and treatment skills.
Primary prevention effort to prevent an injury or illness from ever occurring
primary service aera the designated area in whih an ems service is responsible for the provision of prehospital emergency care and transportation to hospital
Public Health focused on examining the health needs of entire populations with the goal of preventing health problems
Public safety access point a call center staffed by trained personnel who are responsible for managing request for police, fire, and ambulance services
Quality control the responsibility of the medical director to ensure that the appropriate medical care standard are met by AEMT's on each call
Reciprocity the recognition by one state og another states licensure, allowing a health care professional from another state to practice in the new state
Secondary prevention efforts to limit the effects of an injury to illness that you cannot completely prevent
Vector-borne Transmission the use of an animal to spread a organism from one person or place to another
tuberculosis a chronic bacterial disease cause by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually affect the lungs by also can affect other organs such as brain or kidney
transmission the way in which an infection agent is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicle (food of needles) or by vectors
Standard precautions Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by CDC for use in dealing with objects. blood, body fluids, or other potential exposure risk of communicable diseased
Post traumatic Stress disorder (PTSD) a delayed stress reaction to a pervious incident. this delayed reaction is the results of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident
personal Protective Equipment (PPE) protective equipment that OSHA requires to be made available to EMS providers. In the case of infection risk, PPE blocks entry if an organism into the body
pathogen a microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host
Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) the federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace
Morbidity the number of non-fatally injured or disabled people. usually expressed as a rare, meaning the number of nonfatal injuries in a certain population in a given time periods divided by the size of the population
Infectious Disease a disease that is caused by infection or one that is capable of being transmitted with or without direct contact
Infection Control Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patient and health care personnel.
Infection the invasion of a host or host tissue by organism such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or with signs or symptoms of disease
indirect contact exposure ir transmission of disease form one person to another by contact with a contaminated object
immunity the body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease
human immunodeficiency virus Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is cause by HIV, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection of certain cancers
host the organism or person attacked by the infecting agent
Hepatitis inflammation of live, usually caused by a virus, that causes loss of appetite, fever, jaundiced, fatigue, and altered liver function.
general adaptation syndrome the body's three stage response to stress. first stress causes the body to trigger an alarm response. followed by stage of reaction and resistance. and lastly recovery or if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion
food borne transmission the contamination of food or water with an organism that can cause disease
exposure a situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airbourne particles that increase the risk of disease transmission
direct contact exposure to or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact
designation officer the person in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposure and infection control issue
delayed stress reaction reaction to stress that occurs alter a stressful situation
cumulative stress reaction prolonged or excessive stress
critical incident stress management (CISM) a process that confronts responses to critical incidents and defuses them
cover tactical use of an impenetrable barrier to conceal EMS personnel and protect them from projectiles ( ex. bullets, bottles, and rocks
contamination the presence of infectious organisms on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body
communicable disease any disease that can be spread from person to person or from animal to person
Center for disease control and prevention the primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the united states. the CDC is part of the US department of Health and HUman services.
Bloodborne pathogens Pathogenic microorganism that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. these pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus
airborne transmission the spread of an organism in aerosol form
Acute Stress Reaction reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation
Specialty Centers Trauma center, burn center, poisoning, psychiatric
Protocols Are described in a comprehensive guide delineating the scope of practice for emts
Standing orders are part of protocols and designed what an AEMT is required to do for a specific complaint or condition
Online(direct) Medical control consists of f direction given over the phone or radio directly from the medical director or designated physician
Offline (indirect) Medical control consist of standing orders, training, and supervision authorized by medical director.
Profession attributes of an EMT Integrity, Empathy, Self-motivation, appearance, hygiene, self confidence, time management, communication, teamwork and diplomacy, respect, patient advocacy, careful delivery of care.
Acute Stress Reaction reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation
Airborne Transmission a spread of an organism in aerosol form
Bloodborne pathogen pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the United States. The CDC is part of the US department of health and human services
Communicable disease any disease that can be spread from person to person or from an animal to person
Concealment the use of object such as shrubs or bushes to limit a person's visibility of you.
Contamination the presence of infectious organism on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body
cover the tactical use of an impenetrable barrier to conceal EMS personnel and protect them from projectiles
Critical Incident stress management (CISM) A process that confronts responses to critical incidents and defuses them.
Cumulative Stress reaction prolonged or excessive stress
Delayed Stress Reaction reaction to stress that occurs after a stressful situation
designated officer the person int he department who is charged with responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues
direct contact exposure to or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact
exposure a situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne par tiles that increases the risk of disease transmission
foodborne transmission the contamination of water or food with an organism that can cause disease
general Adaptation Syndrome the body's three stage response to stress 1. tigger an alarm response 2. reaction and resistant 3. recovery or exhuastion
hepatitis inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a virus, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundiced, fatigue, and altered liver function
host the organism or person attacked by the infecting agent
Human immunodeficiency Virus HIV- acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is cause HIV , which damages the cell in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers
immunity the body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease
indirect contact exposure or transmission of a disease from one person to another with a contaminated object
infection the invasion of a host or host tissue by organisms such as bacteria, virus, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease
infection control procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel
Infection disease a disease that is caused by infection or one that is capable of being transmitted with or without direct contact
morbidity the number of non fatally injured or disabled people. usually expressed as a rate, meaning the number of nonfatal injuries in a certain population in a given time period divided by the size of the population
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA- the federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace
Pathogen a microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host
Personal Protective Equipment PPE- protective equipment that OSHA requires to be made available to EMD providers. The the case of infection risk, PPE blocks entry of an organism into the body
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD- a delayed stress reaction to a previous incident. This delayed reaction is the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident
Standard Precautions Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the CDC for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, or other potential exposure risk of communicable disease
Transmission the way un which an infectious agent is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicle, or by vectors
Tuberculosis A chronic bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually affects the lungs but can also affect other organs such as the brain or kidneys
Vector-borne transmission the use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another
base station any radio hardware containing a transmitter and receiver that is located in a fixed place
Cellular telephone a low-power portable radio that communicates through an interconnected series of repeater stations called "cells"
Channel an assigned frequency or frequencies that are used to carry voice and/or data communications
Closed-ended questions questions that can be answered in short or single word responses
communication the transmission of information to another person- verbally or through body language
Cultural imposition when a person imposes his or her beliefs, values, and practices on another because he or she believes his or her ideals are superior
dedicated line a special telephone line that is used for specific point-to-point communications; aslo known as a "hot line"
documentation the written portion of the AEMT's patient interaction; becomes part of the patient's permanent medical record
duplex the ability to transmit and receive simultaneously
emergency medical dispatcher the professional who obtains information about an emergency, directs the appropriate vehicle to the scene, and provides the caller with advice to manage the situation unit help arrives
enhanced 911 an emergency response system in which much of the call information, such as the phone number and location of the caller, is recorded automatically and viewed by the dispatcher on a computer screen
ethnocentrism when a person considers his or her cultural values as more important when interacting with people of different culture
Federal Communications Commission FCC- the federal agency that has jurisdiction other interstate and international telephone and telegraph services and satellite communications, all of which may involve EMS activity
MED channels VHF and UHF channels that the FCC has designated exclusively to EMS
mobile data terminals small computers terminals inside ambulances that directly receive data from the dispatch center
noise anything that dampens or obscures the true meaning of a message
open-ended questions Questions for which the patient must provide detail to give a answer
paging the use of a radio signal and a voice or digital message that is transmitted to pagers or desktop monitor radios
Patient care reports a written record of the incident that describes the nature of the patient's injuries or illness at the scene and treatment you provide.
pertinent negative findings findings that warrant no medical care or intervention, but which, by seeking them, show evidence the thoroughness of the patient examination and history
pre-arrival instructions instructions provided by the emergency medical dispatcher to an emergency caller to care for life-threateninf emergencies until help provides
proemics the study of space between people and its effect on communication
rapport a trusting relationship that you build with your patient
repeater a special base station radio that receives messages and signals on one frequency and then automatically retransmits them on a second frequency
simplex single frequency radio, transmissions can occur in either direction but not simultaneously in both; when one party transmits, the other can only receive and the other party that is transmitting is unable to receive
scanner a radio receiver that searches or scans across several frequencies until the message is completed; the process is then repeated
standing orders written documents, signed by the EMS system's medical director, that outline specific directions, permissions, and sometimes prohibition regarding patient care----ALSO CALLED PROTOCOLS
telemetry a process in which electronic signals are converted into coded, audible signals; theses signals can then be transmitted by radio or telephone to a receiver at the hospital with a decoder
therapeutic communication verbal and nonverbal communication techniques that encourage patient to express their feelings and to achieve a positive relationship
trunking sharing radio frequencies by multiple agencies or systems
UHF radio frequencies between 300-3,000 MHz
VHF radio frequencies between 30-300 MHz, further divided by high and low bands
Created by: kelso571