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49 51 54 55 56 drugs

paramedic drugs

QuestionAnswer
Description: this is a short-acting synthetic steroid that inhibis histamine formation, storage, and release from mast cells, reducing allergic response HYDROCORTISONE
Indications: inflammation during allergic reactions, severe anaphylaxis, asthma, COPD HYDROCORTISONE
Contraindications: hypersensitivity to glucocorticoids HYDROCORTISONE
Precautions: limited precautions in acute care HYDROCORTISONE
Dosage/Route: 40 to 250 mg IV/IM. Peds: 4 to 8 mg/kg IV/IM divided over 24 hours HYDROCORTISONE
Description: this is the prototype NSAID with significant analgesic and antipyretic properties. it also inhibits platelet aggregation and increases bleeding time IBUPROFEN
Indications: reduce fever and relieve minor to moderate pain IBUPROFEN
Contraindications: sensitivity to aspirin or other NSAIDs, active peptic ulcer, bleeding abnormalities IBUPROFEN
Precautions: hypertension, GI ulceration, hepatic or renal impairment, cardiac decompensation IBUPROFEN
Dosage/Route: 200 to 800 mg PO every 4 to 6 hours up to 1200 mg/day. Ped: 5 to 10 mg/kg PO/4 to 6 hours up to 40 mg/kg/day IBUPROFEN
Description: this is a naturally occurring protein that promotes the uptake of glucose by the cells INSULIN
Indications: hyperglycemia and diabetic coma INSULIN
Contraindications: hypersensitivity and hypoglycemia INSULIN
Dosage/Route: 5 to 10 units IV/IM/SC. Ped: 2 to 4 units IV/IM/SC INSULIN
Description: this is a gastric irritant and acts on the emetic centers of the medulla to induce vomiting. Emesis usually occurs within 5-10 min IPECAC SYRUP
Indications: poisoning and overdose IPECAC SYRUP
Contraindications: reduced level of consciousness, corrosive ingestion, petroleum distillate ingestion, alkali ingestion, antiemetic ingestion (especially phenothiazine) IPECAC SYRUP
Precautions: monitor the airway and have suction ready. administer activated charcoal only after emesis. caution with heart disease patients IPECAC SYRUP
Dosage/Route: 30 mL PO, followed by 1-2 glasses of water, repeat in 20 min as needed. Ped: 15mL PO followed by 1-2 glasses of water, repeat in 20 min as needed IPECAC SYRUP
Description: this is a bronchodilator used in the treatment of respiratory emergencies that causes bronchial dilation and dries respiratory tract secretions by blocking acetylcholine receptors IPRATROPIUM
Indications: bronchospasm associated with asthma, COPD, inhaled irritants IPRATROPIUM
Contraindications: hypersensitivity to atropine or its derivatives, or as a primary treatment for acute bronchospasm IPRATROPIUM
Precautions: elderly, cardiovascular disease, hypertension IPRATROPIUM
Dosage/Route: 500mcg in 2.5-3mL NS via nebulizer or 2 sprays from a metered dose inhaler. Ped: 125-250mcg in 2.5-3mL NS via nebulizer, or 1-2 sprays of a metered dose inhaler IPRATROPIUM
Created by: rubtuge