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RMS 5 Genetics

RMS 5th Grade Science

TermDefinition
phase a stage in a process
pure having either two dominant or two recessive alleles for a trait, not mixure of both
hybrid having both the dominant and the recessive allele for a trait ( also known as heterozygous )
mitosis cell replication process that produces new cells with full sets of chromosome, makes new working cells
meiosis cell replication process that produces new cells with 1/2 sets of chromosome, makes cells used in replication
replicate to copy, duplicate
trait a characteristic
chromosome body in the nucleus of a cell that is made up of DNA and holds genetic information
DNA a substance that wraps together to form chromosomes and is associated with the transmission of genetic information
dominant a trait that will show up in an individual if the individual has only one allele for the trait, it is the stronger trait
recessive a trait that will show up in an individual, only if the individual has two alleles for the trait, it is the weaker trait
haploid a cell with half the normal number of chromosomes
diploid a cell with the normal number of chromosomes
mutation changes or variations in the information on genes
gene material on a chromosome that determines what traits an organism will have
Created by: mrskarney