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Water Review - Ch.1

Review of Chapter 1 of water

Three forms of water liquid, solid, vapor
Percentage of salt water on the Earth 97%
How is water a unique substance? Only substance that exists as a solid, liquid, gas
When did water found on Earth today form? Slowly over time
What would Earth be like without water? There would be no life at all
In which process of the water cycle does liquid water become water vapor? Evaporation
Gravity causes water to flow from divides to drainage basins
Most of Earth's freshwater is in what form? Solid
What do artesian wells and springs have in common? Water flows naturally from it without being pumped
What percentage of freshwater is available to humans? Less than 1%
What percent of Earth's water is freshwater? 3%
Where is most of Earth's freshwater found? Glaciers and icebergs
What is an aquifer? An underground layer of rock that can hold freshwater
Why are aquifers important? They are sources of freshwater for much of the human population
What is a well? A hole that reaches the water table that can be used to bring groundwater to the surface
Which water cycle process forms clouds? condensation
What affects the way water flows over land? gravity and drainage basins
Water that has little or no taste, color, or smell Freshwater
Water that contains dissolved salts and other minerals Salt water
The continuous movement of water through Earth's environment The Water Cycle
A continuous line of land from which water flows in different directions divide
An area where all the water on one side of the divide flows drainage basin
An increase of nutrients in a body of water eutrophication
The rising and sinking of cold and warm water layers in a lake turnover
A substance that liquids can flow through permeable
A substance that liquids cannot flow through impermeable
The top of the area of the zone of saturation water table
An underground layer of permeable substance that contains water aquifer
A place where water flows to the surface naturally due to pressure artesian well
A place where the water table reaches the Earth's surface spring
A large lake used as a source of water supply reservoir
A river or stream flowing into a large river or lake tributary
Created by: anita.parker