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Kieb/Show Vocab#12

Vocabulary Set 12 - Climate

QuestionAnswer
a small area where the climate conditions are different from those around it. Microclimate
The area on Earth that is closet to the equator. It is warmest here because the sun’s energy hits almost directly all year long.
 Tropical
The area on Earth that is closest to the poles. It is coldest here because the sun’s energy hits at a lower angle.
 Polar
The area on Earth is between the tropical and polar zones. The weather changes from warm/hot in the summer to cold/freezing in the winter.
 Temperate
A type of climate near oceans where the water is able to moderate the temperatures, so that it doesn’t get very hot in summer or very cold in winter.
 Marine
A type of climate in the center of continents that are too far from the ocean for the water to affect land temperatures. These climates have more extreme temperatures.
 Continental
The side of the mountain where warm, moist air from water is forced to rise and cool; as a result, it is the side of the mountain the gets the most precipitation.
 Windward
The side of the mountain where cold, dry air descends; as a result, it is the side of the mountain that gets little precipitation.
 Leeward
seasonal winds that change throughout the year; they bring a great deal of rain and are responsible for flooding in Thailand, India, and Pakistan.
 Monsoons
the day-to-day changes in temperature, wind, precipitation, humidity, and air pressure.
 Weather
the average of usual weather pattern that occurs in a region over a long period of time.
 Climate
a daytime coastal breeze that blows onshore, from the reeze sea to the land. It is caused by the temperature difference when the surface of the land is warmer than the adjacent body of water. 
 Sea Breeze
a night time coastal breeze that blows from land to sea. It is caused by the temperature difference when the surface of the land is cooler than the adjacent body of water. 
 Land Breeze
The unusual warming of the surface waters of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. It causes changes in wind patterns that have major effects on weather all across the globe. El Nino
Created by: kkiebler