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HED 001 exam

QuestionAnswer
Chapter 1 The New Health Goal: Wellness- Optimal health & vitality
New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: 1990's V.S. Today Infectious diseases A disease that communicable from one person to another Chronic disease A disease that develops & continues over a long period of time...
Health Issues for Diverse Populations: Sex & Gender Ethnicity Income & Education Disability Geographic location Sexual Orientation
Factors That Influence Wellness: Wellness Health habits Hereditary/Family history Environment Access to Healthcare
Getting Serious About Your Health: Examine current health habits Choose a target behavior Obtain information about your target behavior Find outside help
The Healthy People Initiative: Healthy People 2020 Eliminate preventable disease, disability, injury, & premature death Achieve healthy equality, eliminate disparities, & improve the health of all groups Create Social & Physical environment that promote good health for all
The Healthy People Initiative pt2: Promotes healthy development & healthy behaviors across every stage of life Healthy Campus 2010 Guidelines of Healthy People 2010 designed specifically for college students
Building Motivation to Change: Examine the Pros & Cons of change Boost Self-Efficacy Locus of Control Internal control vs. External control Visualization & Self-talk Role models & supportive people Identity & overcome barriers to change
Enhancing Your Readiness to Change: The Trans theoretical, or "Stage of Change", model Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance Termination
Dealing with Relapse: Don't give up Return to a previous stage of behavior change process if needed
Creating a Personalized Plan: Monitor your behavior & gather data Analyze the data & identify patterns Be "SMART" about setting goals Devise a plan of action
Chapter 2 "The Constant Challenge" What is Stress: Stressor Physical Responses to Stressor Two Major Control Systems Nervous System Endocrine System
Actions Of The Nervous System: Parasympathetic division Relaxed Sympathetic division Arousal Neurotransmitter norepinephrine
Action Of The Endocrines System: Gland tissue & cells that helps control the body functions Hormones Helps prepare the body to respond to stress
Nervous & Endocrine Systems Working Together: Hypothalamus ACH Pituitary Gland Adrenal Glands Cortisol Epinephrine (adrenaline) Endorphins (pain reliever) Homeostasis
Homeostasis: When your body registers stress signal are around the body by hormones makes it hard to start out the day and to overcome difficult obstacles in the person's acommplishment path
Emotional & Behavioral Responses to Stressor: External & Internal factors Cognitive appraisal Two factors Successful prediction Perception of control
Emotional & Behavioral Responses to Stress: Effective responses to stress Talking laughing, exercise & time management Ineffective responses to stress Overeating, procrastination, frustration
Personality & Stress: Meyer Friedman & Ray Rosenman Personality & Stress Type A,B,&C Hardy & resilient personality Cultural background Gender Past experience
Type A Personality: A person with a positive hardworking attitude, a successful person a role model, person who sets a great example for others who does not accept no & failure for an option
Type B Personality: A person similar with Type A personality, but expect from a persons point of view more often does not get notice or recognized for ex: Parents or A Boss Who he or she work in your company.
Type C personality: A person with negative attitude far the opposite from Type A & B personality who is willing to accept failure, no accomplishments goals, living in despair, depression, even in some cases giving up in Life.
General Adaption Syndrome (GAS): Eustress Distress Alarm Fight or Flight Resistance Exhaustion Allosteric load
Allosteric load: when your body register stressor signals hormones starts to surface
Psychoneuroimmunology(PNI): The study of... Complex network of nerve & chemical connections between the nervous system, endocrine system, & immune system.
Links Between Stress & Specific Conditions: Cardiovascular Disease Chronic High Blood Pressure Atherosclerosis Stroke Cardiomyopathy Attend functioning of the Immune System cold & other infections Asthma Cancer Chronic Disease flare-ups
Psychological Problems: Emotional & Physical Changes Depression Panic attacks Anxiety Eating disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Other Health Problems: Digestive problems Headaches/Migraines Insomnia Injuries Pregnancy complications Type 2 Diabetes Premature aging
Common Sources of Stress:
Created by: clardy rodney