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Nutr (Ch. 6)

Lipids

TermDefinition
lipid organic molecule that is relatively insoluble in water and soluble in organic solvents
oil a lipid that is liquid at room temperature
fat a lipid that is solid at room temperature
fatty acid a type of lipid consisting of a chain of carbons with a methyl(-CH3) group and a carboxylic acid (-COOH) group at the end
alpha end the end of a fatty acid with a carboxylic acid group
omega end the end of a fatty acid with a methyl group
chain length the # of carbons in a fatty acid's backbone
saturated fatty acid(SFA) a fatty acid that contains only C-C single bonds
monounsaturated fatty acid(MUFA) a fatty acid that contains one C-C dbl bond
polyunsaturated fatty acid(PUFA) a fatty acid that contains more than one C-C dbl bond
cis dbl bond hydrogen atoms are positioned on the same side
trans dbl bond hydrogen atoms are positioned on opposite sides
trans fatty acid a fatty acid containing at least one trans dbl bond
Created by: syfisher