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MrsC Med Term 15

MrsC Med Term Musculoskeletal

QuestionAnswer
Hypercalcemia Excessive calcium in the bloodstream.
Decalcification Removal of calcium from bones.
Kyphosis Abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic vertebrae.
Laminectomy Removal of a lamina to relieve the symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disk (disc).
Lordosis Abnormal anterior curvature of the backbones in the lumbar region.
Lumbar Pertaining to the loins or lower back (near the waist) region.
Lumbosacral Pertaining to the lower back and the sacrum.
Myelopoiesis Formation of bone marrow.
Orthopedics The specialty of medicine dealing with bones and bone diseases. Orthopedistsoriginally straightened (orth/o) the bones of children (ped/o).
Osteitis Inflammation of bones.
Osteodystrophy Poor development of bones.
Osteogenesis Formation of bone.
Scoliosis Abnormal condition of lateral curvature of the spine.
Spondylosis Abnormal condition of vertebrae.
Vertebroplasty Repair of a fractured vertebra.
Osteoblast Immature bone cell.
Osteoclast Large cell found in the bone marrow of growing bones; absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue.
Spondylolisthesis Forward displacement of a vertebra over a lower segment.
Osteomalacia Softening of bone.
Epiphysis End of a long bone.
pubic symphysis Junction of the pubic bones on the midline in front of the body.
Osteoporosis Condition of increased porosity of bone with loss of bony tissue and decrease in bone mass.
Osteotome Instrument to cut bone.
Acetabular Pertaining to the acetabulum (hip socket).
Calcaneal Pertaining to the calcaneus (heel bone).
Carpal Pertaining to the wrist bones.
Supraclavicular Pertaining to above the collarbone.
Subcostal Pertaining to below the ribs.
Chondrocostal Pertaining to the cartilage attached to the ribs.
Craniotomy Incision of the skull.
Craniotome Instrument to cut the skull.
Femoral Pertaining to the thigh bone (femur).
Fibular Pertaining to the smaller of the two lower leg bones (fibula).
Humeral Pertaining to the upper arm bone (humerus).
Iliac Pertaining to the ilium (upper portion of the hip bone).
Ischial Pertaining to the ischium (lower and posterior part of the hip bone).
Malleolar Pertaining to the malleolus (process on each side of the ankle).
Mandibular Pertaining to the lower jaw bone.
Maxillary Pertaining to the upper jaw bone.
Metacarpectomy Removal of hand bones.
Metatarsalgia Pain of the foot bones.
Olecranal Pertaining to the elbow.
Patellar Pertaining to the kneecap.
Pelvimetry Measurement of the proportions of the pelvic bone (before childbirth).
Peroneal Pertaining to the fibula.
Phalangeal Pertaining to the finger or toe bones.
Pubic Pertaining to the pubis (anterior portion of the hip bone).
Radial Pertaining to the lateral lower arm bone.
Scapular Pertaining to the shoulder bone.
Sternal Pertaining to the breast bone.
Tarsectomy Removal of ankle bones.
Tibial Pertaining to the tibia, the larger and inner of the two lower leg bones.
Ulnar Pertaining to the medial lower arm bone.
Ankylosis Abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint.
Arthroplasty Surgical repair of a joint.
Arthrotomy Incision of a joint.
Hemarthrosis Abnormal condition of blood in a joint.
Hydrarthrosis Abnormal accumulation of fluid in a joint.
Polyarthritis Inflammation of many joints.
articular cartilage The cartilage surrounding the bones in a joint.
Bursitis Inflammation of a bursa.
Achondroplasia Improper cartilage formation in development of bones (leads to a type of dwarfism).
Chondroma Tumor (benign) of cartilage.
Chondromalacia Abnormal softening of cartilage.
Ligamentous Pertaining to a ligament.
Rheumatologist Specialist in treatment of joint disorders.
Synovitis Inflammation of a synovial membrane.
Tenorrhaphy Suture of a tendon.
Tenosynovitis Inflammation of a tendon and its sheath.
Tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon; also spelled tendonitis.
Arthrodesis Binding together (surgical fusion) of a joint.
spinal stenosis Narrowing of the neural canal or nerve root canals in the lumbar spine.
Fasciectomy Removal of fascia.
Fibromyalgia Pain of fibrous connective tissue and muscle.
Leiomyoma Tumor (benign) of a smooth muscle.
Leiomyosarcoma Tumor (malignant) of a smooth muscle.
Myalgia Pain of a muscle.
Electromyography Process of recording the electricity in muscle.
Myopathy Disease of muscles.
Myocardial Pertaining to heart muscle.
Myositis Inflammation of muscle.
plantar flexion Bending downward of the sole of the foot.
rhabdomyoma Tumor (benign) of a skeletal muscle.
Rhabdomyosarcoma Tumor (malignant) of skeletal muscle.
Sarcopenia Loss of muscle mass and strength associated with aging.
myasthenia gravis Condition of muscle weakness caused by a failure in transmission of nervous impulses from a nerve to muscle cell.
Atrophy Decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting of tissue.
Hypertrophy Excessive development (increase in cell size).
Amyotrophic Pertaining to loss of muscle development (in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis muscles can’t move because of degeneration of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord).
Abduction Process of carrying away (muscle is pulled away from the midline of the body).
Adduction Process of carrying toward (muscle is pulled toward the midline of the body).
Dorsiflexion Bending of the foot backward and upward.
Polymyalgia Pain of many muscles.
Created by: cudawn