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Nutrition- Adelphi

Test 1

Data is classified as ABCD Anthropometric (Height/Weight), Biochemical (Lab results), Clinical (Findings), Dietary Data
Albumin and Prealbumin are used to Assess protein status and malnutrition
Name the 4 leading causes of death associated with Dietary Excess Heart Disease, Cancer, Stroke, Diabetes
Impact of Dietary Excess Obesity, Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia
What are the 4 Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) UL, RDA, EAR, AI (Think UREA)
Orthodox Jews practice Kosher Rules which are No Pork, No Shellfish, No mixing Dairy & Meat
Muslims do not eat Pork
Carbs contain which 3 Elements? CHO
What are monosaccharides and which are the most common? Simplest of all Sugars. Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose.
What is glycogen? The human version of Starch
Where is fiber found? Fruits and whole grains.
What does fiber do? Increase Satiety (feeling of fullness), regulates bowel function, Increase HDL (good), and decreases LDL (Bad)
Where does carbohydrate digestion begin and where does it primarily occur? Begins- mouth; primary site- Small Intestine
Function of Glucose (Carbohydrate) Brain needs glucose for energy. This is why low-carb diets are dangerous
What are the 9 essential amino acids? Phenylalanine, Valine, Threoline, Methionine, Tryptophan, Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine (PVT MT HILL)
What does "Essential Amino Acids" mean? The body needs to get them through food- body cannot produce them.
Structure of Proteins? CHO + N
Functions of Protein? Structure and Function of every living cell; transport molecules; body structure
Where does digestion of protein begin and where does it primarily occur? Begins- stomach; primary site- small intestine
What are complete proteins? Give examples. They provide ALL essential amino acids; meat, fish, chicken, tofu, dairy
How much protein does a person need? .8g/kg body weight
Name the three types of lipids Triglycerides, Phospholipids, Sterols
What is the most common fat in foods? Triglycerides
How can your body get triglycerides? Fats and oils; omega 3; omega 6
What do trans-fats do? Increase LDL, Decrease HDL
What are the functions of triglycerides? fuel the body; cushion the organs; regulate body temp
Where is cholesterol found? Animal products
Does cholesterol undergo digestion? No, it gets absorbed as-is
What are the functions of vitamins? facilitate biochemical reactions; essential to life; do not provide energy
Which vitamins are non-essential? (Which can the body make?) A, D, Niacin. All others are ESSENTIAL
Which vitamins are major antioxidants? C, E, and betacarotene
Which vitamins are fat-soluble? A, D, E, K
Which disease occurs due to Naicin deficiency? Pellagra- commonly seen in alcoholics
What is the most plentiful mineral in the body? Calcium
How can you get enough Calcium? 3 servings a day from milk, yogurt, or cheese, as well as non-dairy sources
Created by: angy487