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Court System

BUL 3103 Chapter 2

TermDefinition
Judicial Review Judiciary branch determining whether the laws or actions of the other two branches are constitutional.
In personam jurisdiction (personal jurisdiction) over over any person or business that resides in a specific geographic area.
In rem jurisdiction jurisdiction over property located within its boundaries.
Long arm statute under state authority, a court can exercise personal jusridiction over out of state based on activities that took place within the state. *Defendant must have sufficient contacts
general jurisdiction (unlimited court) can decide cases involving a broad array of issues ex)state trial court andfederal district court
Probate Courts State courts that handle only matters relating to the transfer of a person's assets and obligations after a person's death. (limited jurisdiction)
Federal question A question the pertains to the US constitution, acts of Congress, or treaties. Provides basis for federal jurisdiction.
Diversity of citizenship Applies whenever a federal court has jurisdiction over a case that does not involve a question of federal law.
Diversity of Citizenship Requirements 1)The plaintiff and defendant must be residents of different states. 2)The dollar amount in controversy must be over $75,000.
Concurrent Jurisdiction When both federal and state courts have power to hear a case. (as in suits involving diversity of citizenship)
Exclusive Jurisdiction When cases can be tried only in federal courts or only in the state courts.
Venue The appropriate location for the trial
Small claims court Inferior trial courts that hear only civil cases involving claims of less than a certain amount, such as $5,000
3 tiers of the Federal Court System 1)U.S. District courts (of general jurisdiction)and various courts of limited jurisdiction. 2)U.S. Court of Appeals 3)United States Supreme Court 2)
Rule of four Four out of the nine justices have to approve a writ.
Created by: KAzetapi