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Health & Illness

chapters 3 & 4

QuestionAnswer
health state of complete well being
Illness response of a person to a disease
dimensions of health physical, intellectual, emotional sociocultural, spiritual, enviornmental aspects
holistic care considers all aspects of human dimensions
acute illness rapid onset, last relatively short time.
chronic illness encompasses permanent change, slow onset. periods of exacerbation and remisssion are observed
characteristics of chronic illness irreversible alteration in normal A&P, requires special pt. education for rehabilitation, long period of care or support
stages of illness behavior experiencing symptoms, assuming sick role, assuming dependent role, achieving recovery
agent - host -environment model examines the causes of disease. looks at how 3 components interact that create risk factors
Health - Ilness continuum measures a person's level of health. views health as a constantly changing state.
Health belief model concerned with what people perceive to be true about their health
Health promotion model Health -related behavior is the outcome. used for screeening/prevention
factors affecting health status risk for illness,beliefs and practice, basic needs, self-concept
levels of preventive care primary, secondary, tertiary
Primary prevention promotes health and prevents disease. (diet, immunizations)
secondary prevention early detection (screeenings)
tertiary prevention goal is to reduce disability and maximize level of function
meeting basic human needs prevents illness, restores health
self actualization respect for all, creative problem solving, focus outside of oneself
family structures nuclear family, extended family,blended family
nuclear family traditional family 2 parents and their children
exteded family includes aunts, uncles, grandparaents
blended family 2 parents and their unrelated children from previous relaltionships
family functions physical, economic, reproductive, affective/coping, socialization
risk factors tha may alter family health lifestyle, psychosocial, environmental, developmenta, biologic risk factors
community factors affecting health social suppport systems, health care structure, environmental factors
Created by: N119