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PoliticsChapter1

TermDefinition
Politics Power and influence are used in the promotion of certain values and interests
Types of Political Knowledge Sources of P.K. 1. Description (Facts) 2. Explanation (How and Why) 3. Prescription (What should happen) Sources: Authority, personal thought, science
Authority Anything that is believed to possess the controlling explanation regarding a particular issue (documents, parents, tradition, etc)
Types of Authority 1. Specific Authority (Parents, teachers, friends, or a famous person) 2. General Authority (constitutions, revered leaders, widely respected media or books, religious teachings) 3. "Everyone" (literally the majority of people)
Problems with Authority 1. Even though you may look up to this individual, they may not be the proper source of knowledge 2. "everyone knows X is true", there is no guarantee everyone is right 3. Nothing or no one knows all of the crucial information
Personal Thought Rationality-logical or obvious "makes sense" Intuition-based on feelings, sense of understanding or empathy Personal Experience-your own experiences
Science Most reliable form of P.K. The goal is to describe and explain-to answer what, why, and how questions
Essential Characteristics of Scientific Method 1. Empirical (supported by evidence) 2. Regularities (connections, happens before) 3. Cumulative (builds and grows) 4. Testable (you can test it)
When reading about politics you can... Ignore it Accept that it is correct Reject it Try to assess it
Political Analysis the attempt to answer the questions and explain your reasoning
Subfields of Political Science 1. Comparative politics-compares and contrasts political process 2. American politics-study of American politics 3. International relations-political relations between countries 4. Political theory-ideas and debates dealing with political questions
Created by: cryogi
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