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MFR#3

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
Converted to phenytoin and causes the anticonvulsant properties associated with that drug. Fosphenytoin (Anticonvulsant)
Indicated for seizure control and status epilepticus. Fosphenytoin (Anticonvulsant)
Contraindicated for seizures due to hypoglycemia, sinus brady, Heart Block, Stokes-Adam Syndrome, late pg/lactating mothers. Fosphenytoin (Anticonvulsant)
Cautioned for hepatic/renal impairment, alcoholism, hypotension, bradycardia, heart block, severe CAD, diabetes, hyperglycemia, respiratory depression. Fosphenytoin (Anticonvulsant)
Dosage: 15-20mg PE/kg IV given at 100-150mg PE/min (PE= phenytoin equivalent) Fosphenytoin (Anticonvulsant)
Rapid acting, potent diuretic and antihypertensivee that inhibits sodium reabsorbtion by the kidney. Furosemide (Diuretic)
Its vasodilating effects reduce venous return and cardiac workload. Furosemide (Diuretic)
Indicated for CHF and pulmonary edema Furosemide (Diuretic)
Contraindicated for fluid and electrolyte depletion, hepatic coma,and pg (unless life treatening) Furosemide (Diuretic)
Cautioned for infants, elderly, hepatic empairment, nephrotic syndrome, cardigenic shock associated w AMI, pts on digitalis or potassium-depleting steroids. Furosemide (Diuretic)
Dosage: 0.5-1.0mg/kg slow/1-2min; no response then 2mg/kg slow/1-2min Furosemide (Diuretic)
Protein secreted by pancreatic cells that causes a breakdown of stored glycogen into glucose. Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Inhibits the synthesis of glycogen from glucose. Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Indicated for hypoglycemia w/o IV access and to reverse beta-blocker OD. Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Contraindicated for hypersensitivity to glucagon or protein compounds. Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Cautioned for cardiovascular or renal impairment. Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Effective only if there are sufficient stores of glycogen in the liver. Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Dosage: Hypoglycemia: 1mg IM/SQ repeat q 5-20min. PED: 0.03mg/kg IM/SQ Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Dosage: Beta-Blocker OD: 3mg IV/1min. PED: 50-150mcg/kg IV/1min Glucagon (Hormone, Antihypoglycemic)
Believed to block dopamine receptors in the brain associated w mood and behavior. Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Is a potent antiemetic, and impairs temp regulation. Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Indicated for Acute psychotic episodes. Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Contraindicated for Parkinson's, seizure disorders, coma, alcohol depression, CNS depression, thyrotoxicosis, with other sedatives. Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Cautioned for elderly or debilitated pts, urinary retention, glaucoma, severe CVD, anticonvulsant, anticoagulant, or lithium therapy. Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Dosage: 2-10mg IM Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Dosage: PED: >3yrs: 0.015-0.15mg/kg/day PO in 2 or 3 divided doses. Haloperidol (Antipsychotic)
Rapid onset anticoagulant, enhancing the effects of antithrombin III and blocking conversion of prothrombin to thrombin and fibrinogen to fibrin. Heparin (Anticoagulant)
Indicated to prevent thrombus formation in AMI. Heparin (Anticoagulant)
Contraindicated for active bleeding or bleeding tendancies, recent eye, brain, or spinal surgery, shock. Heparin (Anticoagulant)
Cautioned for alcoholism, elderly, allergies, indwelling catheters, menstruation, pg, cerebral embolism. Heparin (Anticoagulant)
Dosage: 60 IU/kg (Max bolus 4,000 IU) Heparin (Anticoagulant)
Created by: pinky36