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Ch. 109 Posioning

Pharmacology for Nurses

Poison Treatment: ____ care is important to maintain respiratory status, breathing, circulation, and assessing CNS response to poison Supportive
Poison Treatment: identifying the poison through ____ and ___ studies is important history; lab (blood, urine, etc.)
Poison Treatment: prevent further ____ of the poison by giving activated ____, inducing vomiting, gastric lavage, whole-bowel irrigation, or catharsis absorption; charcoal
Poison Treatment: certain ____ may be used to prevent side effects of the ingested substances antidotes
Minimize Absorption:Activated Charcoal: ____drugs and chemicals within the intestine and is then eliminated in the ___ absorbs; stool
Minimize Absorption:Activated Charcoal: AC works ___ with heavy metals, caustics/corrosives, alcohols, chlorine, iodine, and petroleum poorly
Minimize Absorption:Activated Charcoal: antidotes should not be administered with ____ due to risk of ____ of antidote charcoal; toxicity
Minimize Absorption: Syrup of Ipecac: Used to induce vomiting and removing poison from ____ stomach
Minimize Absorption: Syrup of Ipecac: do not give after ingestion of ____ or ____ erosive; acids
Minimize Absorption: Syrup of Ipecac: not commonly used any more and should be used very ____ infrequently
Specific Antidotes: Heavy Metal Antagonist: ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, and _____ are most common for poisoning iron, lead, mercury, arsenic, gold, copper
Specific Antidotes: Heavy Metal Antagonist: antidotes are called _____ or ____ agents chelator; chelating
Specific Antidotes: Heavy Metal Antagonist: chelating agents can compete with other ____ and bind with the heavy metal enhancing their ____ receptors; excretion
Created by: emv2435