Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Ch. 79 Laxative

Pharmacology for Nurses

QuestionAnswer
Laxatives: ____effects is production of soft, formed stool once a day laxatives
Laxatives: ____ effect is prompt, harsh, immediate evacuation of bowel catharsis
Laxatives: ____ mL of water enters colon per day; ___ is absorbed 1500; 90%
Laxatives: too much water absorption or slow transit can cause ____ stool and constipation hard
Laxatives: ____ can absorb more water causing stool to be softer and it can increase stool mass Fiber
Laxatives: Laxatives are indicated for many patients (episiotomies, hemorrhoids, in ____ patients to reduce straining, in elderly due to _______). heart; muscle loss
Laxatives: avoid ______ in patients with appendicitis, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, and abdominal surgery laxative
Laxatives: careful in ____ women and breastfeeding mothers pregnant
Laxatives: do not use with _______ or ____ -> perforation! fecal impaction; obstruction
Laxatives: Laxatives are categorized as: Bulk- _____, surfactant, ____, and osmotic forming; stimulant
Laxatives: Bulk-forming methycellulose (citucel); psyllium (metamucil); polycarbophil (Fibercon)
Laxatives: Bulk-forming- acts similar to dietary ____ be increasing mass of stool and water content of stooll fiber
Laxatives: Bulk-forming- used for ____, diverticulosis, and IBS; also used in ileostomy and colostomy patients to _____ discomfort constipation; reduce
Laxatives: Bulk-forming- adverse effects includes esophageal obstruction and intestinal impaction or obstruction in ___ intake is inadequate fluid
Laxatives: Surfactant docusate sodium (Colace)
Laxatives: Surfactant- acts by lowering surface tension of stool and allowing ____ to enter water
Laxatives: Surfactant- also acts by ___ fluid absorption into intestinal wall and stimulates secretion of water and electrolytes in the intestinal lumen inhibiting
Laxatives: Surfactant- take medicine with full glass of ____ water
Laxatives: Stimulant bisacodyl (Dulcolax) senna (senokot)
Laxatives: Stimulant- acts to stimulate intestinal ____ and increase amount of _____ in the intestinal lumen mobility; water
Laxatives: Stimulant- used to treat ____-induced constipation and slow intestinal transit opioid
Laxatives: Stimulant- Bisacodyl can be administered PO and PR (rectal); do not take with ____ or ____dairy products (allow 1 hour); PR use can cause proctitis milk; dairy
Laxatives: Stimulant- Senna may cause harmless yellowish or brown tint to ____ urine
Laxatives: Osmotic milk of magnesia; polyethylene glycol (MiraLax); sodium phosphate (Fleet Phospho-Soda)
Laxatives: Osmotic- acts by pulling ____ into the intestinal lumen water
Laxatives: Osmotic- Soft or semi-fluid stool occur in _____ hours 6-12
Laxatives: Osmotic- higher doses can ____ bowel of ingested poisons and evacuates dead parasites purge
Laxatives: Osmotic- adverse effects include loss of ____ causing ____, magnesium _____, fluid_____, and acute renal ______ water; dehydration; toxicity; retention; failure
Laxatives: Osmotic- MiraLax may cause nausea, bloating , cramping, and ____ gas (flatulence)
Laxatives Abuse: many believe that a large bowel movement is warranted daily and that it is ____ to get off regular schedule unhealthy
Laxatives Abuse: OTC laxatives are often purchased and taken much more than needed to produce a ________ effect to "stay healthy" bowel cleansing
Laxatives Abuse: ____ imbalances and changes defecatory actions may occur due to chronic laxative use electrolytes
Laxatives Abuse: abrupt withdrawal from ___ must occur with appropriation bowel teaching and dietary habits laxatives
Created by: emv2435