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MrsC Med Term Respir

MrsC Med Term Chap 12 Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
Adenoidectomy Removal of adenoids.
adenoid hypertrophy Excessive development (enlargement) of adenoids.
Alveolar Pertaining to an alveolus.
bronchospasm Involuntary contraction of muscles in the walls of bronchial tubes.
bronchiectasis Dilation of bronchial tubes.
bronchodilator A substance (chemical or drug) that widens bronchial tubes to make breathing easier.
bronchopleural Pertaining to a bronchial tube and pleura or pleural cavity.
Bronchiolitis Inflammation of bronchioles.
Hypercapnia Excessive carbon dioxide in the blood.
Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs.
Cyanosis Condition of bluish coloration of skin caused by decreased oxygen in the blood.
Epiglottitis Inflammation of the epiglottis.
Laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx.
Laryngospasm Contraction of the muscles of the larynx.
Laryngitis Inflammation of the voice box.
Lobectomy Removal of a lobe (of the lung).
Mediastinoscopy Visual examination of the mediastinum.
paranasal sinuses Pertaining to spaces in the skull that are near, alongside, the nose and nasal cavities.
nasogastric intubation Tube placed from the nose into the stomach.
Orthopnea Breathing discomfort in any position but erect, sitting, or standing straight.
Hypoxia Deficiency of oxygen (anoxia) due to decreased oxygen in blood.
Expectoration Expulsion of material (mucus or phlegm).
Pharyngeal Pertaining to the throat.
dysphonia Difficult (abnormal) voice; hoarseness or any voice impairment.
phrenic nerve Nerve carrying messages from the brain to the diaphragm.
Pleurodynia Pain associated with inflammation of irritation of pleura (or pain from intercostal muscles).
pleural effusion Fluid collects in the pleural cavity (space).
Pneumothorax Air within the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs.
Pneumonectomy Removal of a lung.
Pulmonary Pertaining to lungs.
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose.
Rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose.
Sinusitis Inflammation of sinuses.
Spirometer Instrument to measure breathing (the air taken into and exhaled from the lungs).
Expiration The expulsion of air from the lungs.
Respiration Breathing (inspiration and expiration).
Atelectasis Incomplete expansion of a lung (collapsed lung).
Thoracotomy Incision of the chest.
Thoracic Pertaining to the chest.
Tonsillectomy Removal of tonsils.
Tracheotomy Incision of the trachea.
tracheal stenosis Pertaining to narrowing of the trachea.
Empyema Pus in the pleural cavity.
Anosmia Absence of the sense of smell.
Apnea Stoppage of breathing.
Dyspnea Difficult breathing.
Hyperpnea Increase in depth of breathing.
tachypnea Increase in rate of breathing; shallow respirations.
Hemoptysis Spitting up blood.
Asphyxia Decrease in the amount of oxygen and increase in amount of carbon dioxide in the blood leading to absence of pulse.
Hemothorax Blood in the pleural cavity; seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.
Pyothorax Pus in the pleural cavity (empyema of the chest).
Created by: cudawn