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electrolyte

QuestionAnswer
hypokalemia Increased cardiac instability & risk for dig toxicity. *ventricular dysrhythmias, EKG changes
Hyperkalemia Asystole, ventricular dysrhythmias, ekg changes
Hyponatremia low levels from diuretic use, or low lvl in heart failure indicating water excess. Hypocalcemia. Ventricular dysrhythmias, ekg changes, cardiac arrest
Hypocalcemia ventricular dysrhythmias, cardiac arrest
Hypercalcemia EKG changes, AV block, tachy or brady cardia, digitalis hypersensitivity, cardiac arrest.
P- phosphorus should be interpreted with calcium levsl because the kidneys retain or excrete one electrolyte in an inverse relationship to the other.
Hypomagnesaemia Ventricular tachycardia & fibrillation, EKG changes
BUN Elevated in heart disorders that adversely affect renal circulation: Heart failure & cardiogenic shock
Glucose elevated with acute cardiac episode- physiologic stress
Created by: srose