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SCI-Ch.2 Sec. 3

Wetland Environments

Wetland area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water during come or all of the year
Where do wetlands form? were water is trapped in low areas or where groundwater seeps onto the surface of the land
What are three types of freshwater wetlands? marshes, swamps, and bogs
Describe what marshes look like grassy areas covered by shallow or stream of water. They contain cattails, rushes, tule and other tall grass plants
Describe what swamps look like look like flooded forests, with trees and shrubs growing in the water
Describe what a bog looks like Bogs are common in cooler northern states depressions left by melting ice sheets. The water tends to be acidic. Moss grows there
True or False: Wetlands along the coasts usually contain both fresh and salt water true
Describe salt marshes found along both coasts of the US. Contain tall, strong grasses growing in a rich, muddy bottom
Describe mangrove forest found along the central & southern coasts of Florida. Has short trees with think tangle of roots.
Name something that grows in wetlands cranberries
What fertilizes wetlands? dead leaves and other plant and animal material
What does wetland provide and why? it provides habitats for living things by adding nitrogen, phosphates, and other nutrients
Wetlands have many year round residents but what are their temporary residents and why? birds stop there to rest, feed and mate
What are some important functions wetlands serve? it provides natural water filtration, help control floods by absorbing extra runoff, acts like a sponge storing water
The Everglades unique environment of wetlands provides life for many creatures- True or false true
What are some threats to the Everglades? farming introduced new chemicals to the waters upsetting the balance of nutrients. Developers have filled in areas for new homes
How have they tried to preserve the Everglades? by building an elaborate system of pipes and canals to refill drained areas with fresh water.
Created by: carmanbc