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Lab Assessment

Physical Assessment

QuestionAnswer
When looking at the hair, what do you look for? Evenly distributed hair, thick hair, silky and resilient hair, no infection or infestation.
What is Hirsutism? Abnormal hairiness.
What is Alopecia? Patches of hair loss.
What developmental considerations are there for children when looking at hair? Axillary and pubic hair begin to grow as they reach puberty.
What developmental considerations are there for infants in regards to hair? There can be no hair, little hair to a lot of hair.
What considerations are there for the elderly when looking at hair? They can lose scalp, axillary, and pubic hair. Eyebrows, ear and nostril hair becomes bristle like and coarse.
What are you looking for when assessing finger nails? Convex curvature of 160 degree angle, smooth texture, color, intact skin, capillary refill.
What are some deviations from normal when assessing nails? Spoon nail, clubbing, thick or thin nails, grooves or furrows, Beau's lines, discolored or detached nails. Hang nails, inflammation and delayed return of blood to the nail bed after blanch test.
What can bands across the nails mean? Deficiency in protein.
Nail biting can be a symptom of what? Stress.
What are white spots in the nail bed? Zinc Deficiency.
What can spoon shaped nails mean? Iron deficiency.
Paronychia. Infection of the skin around the nail.
What are you looking for when assessing the skull? Round, normal shaped skull. Symmetric facial features and movements, no edema.
When does the posterior fontanel close? By eight weeks.
When does the anterior fontanel close? By eighteen months.
When is voluntary head control established by infants? By four to six months.
How big is the anterior fontanel? Two to three cm.
How big is the posterior fontanel? One cm.
What is the size range of a normal pupil? Three to seven mm.
Created by: debrad79