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Lab Cranial Nerves

Cranial Nerves

QuestionAnswer
Cranial nerve I name and type Olfactory. Sensory
Cranial Nerve II Name and Type Optic. Sensory.
Cranial Nerve III Name and Type Oculomotor. Motor.
Cranial Nerve IV Name and Type Trochlear. Motor.
Cranial Nerve V Name and Type Trigeminal. Opthalmic- sensory, Maxillary- sensory, Mandibular- motor and sensory.
Cranial Nerve VI Name and Type Abducens. Motor.
Cranial Nerve VII Name and Type Facial. Motor and Sensory.
Cranial Nerve VIII Name and Type Auditory. Sensory.
Cranial Nerve IX Name and Type Glossopharyngeal. Motor and Sensory.
Cranial Nerve X Name and Type Vagus. Motor and Sensory.
Cranial Nerve XI Name and Type Accessory. Motor.
Cranial Nerve XII Name and Type Hypoglossal. Motor.
Olfactory Function and Assessment Method Smell. Ask client to close eyes and identify different aromas like peppermint, vanilla, coffee, orange, lemon, chocolate and peanut butter.
Optic Function and Assessment Method Vision and visual fields. Ask client to read a chart. Check visual fields by confrontation and opthalmoscopic exam.
Oculomotor Function and Assessment Method EOM, movement of pupil sphincter and ciliary muscles of lens.
Trochlear Function and Assessment Method EOM, specifically, moves eyeball downward and laterally.
Trigeminal Opthalmic Branch Function and Assessment Method Sensation of cornea, skin of face and nasal mucosa. While client looks up, lightly touch the sclera with sterile gauze. Test light sensation using cotton over the forehead and the paranasal sinuses.
Trigeminal Maxillary Branch Function and Assessment Method Sensation of skin face and anterior oral cavity. Test skin sensation on forehead and paranasal sinuses.
Trigeminal Mandibular Branch Function and Assessment Method Muscles of mastication, sensation of the skin of the face. Ask client to clench teeth.
Abducens Function and Assessment Method EOM, moves eyeball laterally. Assess directions of gaze.
Facial Function and Assessment Method Facial expressions, taste(anterior two-thirds of tongue). Ask client to smile, raise eyebrows, frown, puff out cheeks, close eyes tight. Identify tastes on tips and sides of tongue.
Auditory Vestibular Branch Function and Assessment Method Equilibrium. Romberg test.
Auditory Cochlear Function and Assessment Method Hearing. Assess client's ability to hear spoken words and vibrations of a tuning fork.
Glossopharyngeal Function and Assessment Method Swalloing ability, tongue movement, taste (posterior tongue). Apply tastes on posterior tongue, move tongue side to side and up and down.
Vagus Function and Assessment Method Sensation of pharynx and larynx, swallowing, vocal cord movement. Assessed
Accessory Function and Assessment Method Head movement, shrugging of shoulders. Ask client to shrug shoulders against resistance, turn head against resistance.
Hypoglossal Function and Assessment Method Protrusion of tongue, moves tongue up and down and side to side. Have client protrude tongue at midline, the move side to side.
Created by: debrad79