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P&P Fund/Nrsg ch 6

P&P Fund of Nsg chapter 6 (usi 246)

active strategies of health promotion activities that depend on the client being motivated to adopt specific health program
acute illness illness characterized by symptoms that are of relatively short duration, are usually severe & affect the functioning of the client in all dimensions
chronic illness illness that persists over a long period of time and affects physical, emotional, intellectual, social & spiritual functioning
health behavior change 5 stages of change from no intention to change to maintaining a changed behavior
health behavior change - precontemplation not intending to make changes within the next 6 months
health behavior change - contemplation considering a change within the next 6 months
health behavior change - preparation making small changes in preparation for a change in the next month
health behavior change - action actively engaged in strategies to change behavior. (might be up to 6 months)
health behavior change - maintenance sustained change over time. Begins 6 months after action has started & continues indefinately
health behaviors activities through which a person maintains, attains or regains good health & prevents illness
health belief model ADDRESSES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A PERON'S BELIEFS & BEHAVIORS. Conceptual framework that predicts a person's health behavior as an expression of personal health belief
health promotion concept of motivating people to seek ways of decreasing the incidence & minimizing the results of illness or disability
holistic health model model attempts to create conditions that promote optimal health. Focuses on all dimensions of the client, not just a physiological dimension, as important aspects of physical wellness.
illness abnormal process in which any aspect of a person's functioning is diminished or impaired as compared with the previous condition
illness behavior ways in which people monitor their bodies, define and interpret their symptoms, take remedial actions & use the HC system
illness prevention health ed programs/activities directed toward protecting clients from threats or potential threats to health & minimizing risk factors
passive strategies of health promotion activities that involve the client as the receipient of actions by HC professionals
primary intention primary union of the edges of a wound that progresses to complete scar formation without granulation
risk factor any internal or external variable that makes a person or group more vulnerable to illness or an unhealthy event
secondary prevention activities directed toward early diagnosis & prompt intervention, thereby lessening the severity of a condition & enabling the client to return to the highest level of health @ the earliest possible point
health a state of complete physical, mental & social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1) self actualization 2) self esteem 3) love & belonging needs 4) safety & security 5) physiological
Preventative care - primary (B/4 disease) H ed programs, immunizations, physical & nutritional activities
preventative care - secondary (w/disease) those w/ disease who are a risk of developing complication or worsening condition. Diagnosis & prompt intervention to reduce severity & enable client to return to normal health @ earliest possibility
preventative care - tertiary (permanent disease) Disability is permenant & irreversible. Minimizing long term effects of disease by interventions directed at preventing comlication & deteriorations
what can affect illness behavior 1) personal history 2) social situations 3) social norms & 4) opportunities or constraints of community institutions
internal variables influencing H beliefs & practices include: developmental stage & spiritual factors
any variable that increases vulnerability of an individual to an illness or accident is an ___ risk factor
High-level wellness is best defined as ____ functioning at one's best biophysical level
Marsha states, "My chubby size runs in our family (glandular condition). Exercise & diet won't chg things much." Nurse determines this is an example of Marsha's ______. health beliefs
health beliefs a person's ideas, convictions, & attitudes about health & illness
health beliefs (internal variables) 1) development stage 2) intellectual background 3) perception of functioning 4) emotional factors 5) spiritual factors
health beliefs (external variables) 1) family practices 2) socioeconomic factors 3) cultural background
body image a subjective concept of physical appearance
self-concept mental self-image of strengths & weaknesses in all aspects of personality
A nurse teaches the importance of folic acid to preg women. What type of preventative care is this? primary prevention (b/4 disease)
A person's ideas, convictions & attitudes about health & illness health beliefs
What model of health defines health as a positive, dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease? Pender's health promotion model
Clients maintain health or enhance thier present health by exercise & good nutrition. This is known as _____. health promotion
A nurse in a diabetes clinic conducts seminars for client on the importance of taking insulin as directed to prevent diabetic complications. What level of preventative care is this? secondary prevention (client w/ disease @ risk of developing complications)
list some active strategies of health promotion weight reduction, smoking cessation, exercise, good nutrition
list some passive strategies of health promotion flouridation of drinking water, vitamin fortified milk
Created by: laklooster