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Gullett-Bio-Unit7

Bio-Unit7-Plants and Reproduction

TermDefinition
anaphase a phase of mitosis and meiosis in which the chromosomes separate
asexual reproduction reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and in which a single parent produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
autosome any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
chromosomes in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein; in a prokaryotic cell, the main ring of DNA
cytokinesis the division of the cytoplasm of a cell; cytokinesis follows the division of the cell's nucleus by mitosis or meiosis
interphase the period of the cell cycle during which activities such as cell growth and protein synthesis occur without visible signs of cell division
metaphase one of the stages of mitosis and meiosis, during which all of the chromosomes move to the cell's equator
mitosis in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
prophase the first stage of mitosis and meiosis in cell division; characterized by the condensation of the chromosomes
sex chromosome one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
telophase the final stage of mitosis or meiosis, during which a nuclear membrane forms around each set of new chromosomes
plant multicellular eukaryote that produces its own food through photosynthesis
vascular system collection of specialized tissues in some plants that transports mineral nutrients up from the roots and brings sugars down from the leaves
pollination the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures (the anthers) to the tip of the female reproductive strcture (the pistil) of a flower in angiosperms or to the ovule in gymnosperms
gymnosperm a woody, vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by an ovary or fruit
angiosperm a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
cell cycle pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that occurs in a eukaryotic cell
mitosis in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
homologous chromosome chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies of genes, although the alleles may differ
Created by: lpgullett
 

 



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