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MrsC Cardio Test

MrsC Med Term Chap 11 Test Cardiovascular

QuestionAnswer
Angi/o relating to blood or lymph vessels
Aort/o aorta
Arteri/o artery
Ather/o plaque or fatty substance
Brady- slow
Cardi/o heart
-crasia mixture or blending
-emia blood or blood condition
Erythr/o red
Hem/o blood
Leuko/o white
Phleb/o vein
Tachy- fast
Thromb/o clot
Ven/o vein
anemia have lower than normal number of erythrocytes
Aneurysm dilation or the out pouching of a blood vessel
aorta largest artery in the body
aortic valve valve is between the left ventricle and the aorta
arrhythmia loss of a normal heart rhythm
arteries blood vessel carries blood away from the heart
arterioles smallest arteries
arteriosclerosis abnormal thickening and hardening of blood vessels
atherosclerosis deposits of fat and fibrin that harden over time
AV node transmits the electrical impulse to the Bundle of His
bicuspid or mitral valve valve is between the left atria and the left ventricle
bradycardia slow heart rate
Bundle of His conduction system of the heart is within the interventricular septum
capillaries smallest blood vessels that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and remove waste
cardiac stent wire mesh tube placed in artery to prevent plaque from expanding
congestive heart failure condition is the heart unable to pump out all of the blood it receives
controllable cardiac risk factors weight, exercise, smoking, BP, stress
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) blood clot attached to the wall of a large vein primarily in the leg
Defibrillation electrical shock to restore the hearts normal rhythm
diastole relaxation of the chambers of the heart
embolism Obstruction of a vessel by a blood clot, air bubble, fat or amniotic fluid
endocardium inner layer of the heart
erythrocytes red blood cells
Hemoglobin iron containing pigment of the red blood cell
hypovolemic shock causes decreased cardiac output from loss of whole blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid
left atrium receives oxygen rich blood from pulmonary veins
left ventricle pushes blood into the body
leukocytes white blood cells
myocardial infarction condition involves occlusion of one or more coronary arteries
myocardium middle, muscular layer of the heart
noncontrollable risk factors age, gender, heredity
pacemaker electronic device to regulate the heartbeat
pericardium outermost layer of the heart
primary function of the cardiovascular system transportation of oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients and hormones
pulmonary circulation flow of blood between the heart and lungs
pulmonary valve valve is between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
Purkinje fibers conductive fibers in the walls of the ventricles
right atrium part of the heart receives the oxygen poor blood from the vena cava
right ventricle part of the heart pushes blood into the lungs
SA node natural pacemaker of the heart
systemic circulation the flow of blood between the heart and all body parts except the lungs
Systole contraction of the chambers of the heart
tachycardia rapid heart rate
Thrombocytes medical term for platelets
tricuspid valve valve in between the right atrium and right ventricle
varicose veins distended veins from damaged valves
veins peripheral blood vessel has one way valves
veins blood vessel carry blood toward the heart
vena cava largest vein
venules smallest vein
Created by: cudawn
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