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Winter Diabetes cocc

Diabetes process, complications & nursing care

QuestionAnswer
Describe the types of diabetes mellitus
the incidence in the United States
causes associated with: type 1 The body's auto immune system is attacking itself by killing the beta cells in the pancreas so that it can no longer produce enough insulin to supply the body. May onset from environmental factors like toxins or virus.
causes associated with: type 2 Heredity,history of gestational diabetes, Sedentary lifestyle/ physical inactivity Hispanic, African American, Native American, Asian,Hawaiians, Pima Indians in US have a 50% prevalence of type 2 DM Obesity is more common in diabetics
causes associated with: gestational diabetes
causes associated with: impaired glucose tolerance
Diabetes and Hyperglycemia, s/s
Diabetes and Hypoglycemia, s/s
Diabetes and Dehydration
Diabetes and Polyuria
Diabetes and Polydipsia
Diabetes and Polyphagia
Diabetes and Beta Cells
Diabetes and Insulin
Diabetes and Glucagon
Diabetes and Glycogen
Diabetes and Kussmaul’s Respirations
Diabetes and Osmotic diuresis
Describe the signs and symptoms associated with hyperglycemia in type 1
Describe the signs and symptoms associated with hyperglycemia in type 2 May be found on routine blood tests or eye exam. May have weight gain due to increased insulin levels Polyuria with hyperglycemia and osmotic diuresis. Polyphagia when insufficient insulin to move glucose, Visual blurring
patient preparation for microalbumin
fasting blood glucose
pt preparation for fasting blood glucose
fasting lipid profile
microalbumin
random blood glucose
abnormal values
patient preparation for fasting
patient preparation for oral glucose tolerance test
patient preparation for hemoglobin A1C
patient preparation for urinalysis
Nursing care for hypoglycemia
Nursing care for hyperglycemia
• Discuss briefly the difference between diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS)
Discuss the pathology in chronic complications of diabetes mellitus and treatment -Microvascular (diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathies) -Macrovascular (coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebral vascular accidents (CVA), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD).
What is the treatment for Macrovascular (coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebral vascular accidents (CVA), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD).
What is the treatment for Microvascular (diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathies)
• Discuss treatment regimes for the diabetic patient including dietary, exercise, and medications
• Describe the various types of insulin products with respect to their onset, peak, and duration
• Describe the action of oral diabetic medications. List the most common side effect
• Discuss the elements of proper foot care for the diabetic patient. Know information to reinforce for diabetic education on home monitoring, following medication regimes, and preventing complications.
Created by: 100003100747175