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aging adult

Chapters 18 & 20

growth increase in body size or changes in body cell structure
development orderly pattern of chges in structure, maturation
factors infuencing growth development genetic history, prenatal history, enivronment, nutrition
freud's theory of development the id, the ego, the super ego
id wants self gratification
ego serves as a problem solver, mediator
superego serves as a conscience
erikson's theory of psycholsocial development (young adult) intimacy vs isolation - goal is to find intimate relationship (marriage) and to decide on career pursuits (occupation)
erikson's theory of psychosocial develoment (middle adulty) generativity vs. stagnation - concerned for next genreation
erikson's theory of psychosocial development (older adult) ego integrity vs. despair - remise over life evetns. looking for sense of fullment
theories in aging genetic, immunity, free radical
middle adult gradual physiological changes, little cognitive changes, incresed personal freedom
deelopmental tasks of middle adulthood gruide next generation, accept mekkle-age changes, adjust to needs of aging parents, reevalutes goals
leading cause of death in middle adulthood mva's, suicide, chronic diseases
health problems of middle adult cardiovasular, pulmonary, cancer, diabetes, obesity, depression
life changes of middle adult employment, relationship with spouse, relationship with adult children
development of older adult organ systems decline, take longer to respond, self-concept is relatively stable
myths of the older adult old age begins at 65, older adults are in nursing homes, not interested in sex, bladder problems, do not deserve agressive treatment for illness
changes in older adult physical strength, retirement, helath of spouse, social roles, living arrangements
causes of accidental injuries in older adult changes in vision & hearing, loss of muscle strength, slower reflexes, decrease sesnory ability, chronic illness, polypharmacy, economic factors
dementia chronic confussion
delirium acute confussion (may be brought on by response to illness)
goals of nursing care of older adult promote independence, support individual stengths, safe environment
physiological changes of middle adult fatty tissue redistributed, skin is drier, loss of calcium from bones, visual acuity decreases, hearing diminshes, hormone production, decreases, calorie needs decrease, basal metabolic rate decreases
ageism sterotyping of older adults
Created by: N119