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Apologia Botany

Chapter 5 Vocabulary - Exploring Creation with Botany

QuestionAnswer
Seed dispersal Getting seeds from the parent plant to a new location.
Schizocarps Two-sided winged fruits
Parasitic plant Steals nutrients from other plants
Berry Entire fruit is fleshy, except for a thin skin (grapes, avocados, blueberries)
Pepo Modified berry with hard skin called a rind (pumpkins and watermelons)
Hesperidium Leathery skin that is not as hard as the skin of a pepo (all citrus)
Pome A core surrounded by a fleshy tissue that can be eaten (apples and pears)
Drupe Fleshy fruit with a hard stone called a pit (peaches and olives)
Grain or Caryopsis Small, one-seeded fruit with bran and germ (corn and wheat)
Pods or legumes Always have a row of seeds attached to the side of the fruit. They usually split open along both sides (peas, peanuts and beans)
Capsules Have several seeds inside that split open down the sides or around the middle when ready (poppy and primrose)
Follicle Like a capsule, but splits open along only one side when ready to release its seeds (magnolia and milkweed)
Achene Single seed inside a shell, but the seed must be separated from the shell. They usually form in groups and can have parachutes or hard shells (dandelion, strawberry, sunflower)
Samaras Seeds inside a winged fruit that float in the breeze. If two are attached, they are called schizocarps (maple, ash, elm)
Nuts Single seed surrounded by a hard, woody covering (acorns and chestnuts)
Created by: kalldrin