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COGS- Chptr1

Introducing Cognitive Science

Cognition A variety of higher mental processes such as thinking, perceiving, imagining, speaking, acting, and planning.
Cognitive neuroscience Aims to explain cognitive processes in terms of brain-based mechanisms.
Mind-body problem The problem of how a physical substance (the brain) can give rise to our feelings, thoughts and emotions (our mind).
Dualism The belief that mind and brain are made up of different kinds of substance.
Dual-aspect theory The belief that mind and brain are two levels of description of the same thing.
Reductionism The belief that mind-based concepts will eventually be replaced by neuroscientific concepts.
Phrenology The failed idea that individual differences in cognition can be mapped on to differences in skull shape.
Functional specialization Different regions of the brain are specialized for different functions.
Cognitive neuropsychology The study of brain-damaged patients to inform theories of normal cognition.
Information processing An approach in which behavior is described in terms of a sequence of cognitive stages.
Interactivity Later stages of processing can begin before earlier stages are complete.
Created by: xbaby_bananax