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Chapter 3

Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues

abandonment unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patients consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient
advance directive written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive
applied ethics the manner in which principles of ethics are incorporated into professional conduct
assault unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm
battery touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent
bioethics the study of ethics related to issues that arise in health care
breach of confidentiality disclosure of information without proper authorization
certification a process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care
compensatory damages damages awarded in a civil suit that are intended to restore the plaintiff to the same condition that he or she was in prior to the incident complained about in the lawsuit
competent able to make rational decisions about personal well-being
consent permission to render care
contributary negligence a legal defense that may be raised when the defendant feels that the conduct of the plaintiff somehow contributed to any injuries or damages that were sustained by the plaintiff
decision making capacity ability to understand and process information and make a choice regarding appropriate medical care
defamation the communication of false information about a person that is damaging to that persons reputation or standing in the communityq
dependent lividity blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin
depositions oral questions asked of parties and witnesses under oath
discovery the phase of a civil suit where the plaintiff
Created by: lharbridge