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AIJ4-1

Chapter 1 (敬語)

QuestionAnswer
ぺらぺら used to describe one's (foreign speaker's) fluency in a language 「ジャンさんは日本語がぺらぺらだ。」
ちゃんと "properly" or "in the right way" 「ちゃんと座って。」
さっさと crisp, fast pace 「さっさと起きて。」
ばらばらに "seperately" or "scattered" 「試験を始めよう。ばらばらに座って。」
きょろきょろ curiously or furtively looking around 「試験の時に、きょろきょろしてはいけない。」
「好きこそ物の上手なれ」 What one likes, one does well. 「すきこそもののじょうずなれ」
「能ある鷹は爪を隠す」 A wise hawk hides its claws. He who knows best says the least. 「のうあるたかはつめをかくす」
「礼も過ぎれば無礼となる」 When one is too polite, it borders on rudeness. 「れいもすぎればぶれいとなる」
失礼 rude しつれい
願い wish ねがい
横浜 よこはま
敬語 honorifics けいご
(御)出身 place of origin (ご)しゅっしん
社長 company president しゃちょう
社員 company employee しゃいん
丁寧 polite (na-adj) ていねい
帰り return (home), (on one's) way home
~でも (~or) something 「コーヒーでもどうぞ。」 - "Please have coffee or something."
呼ぶ to call for (V1) よぶ
挨拶をする to greet (V3) あいさつをする
(人/所を)訪問する to visit~ (V3) (人/所を)ほうもんする
御免ください。 Excuse me, is anyone home? (used before entering someone's home) ごめんください
いらっしゃい。 Welcome. (used when greeting others into one's home/other personal space) いらっしゃい
お邪魔しました。 Thank you for allowing me to trouble you (used when leaving after a visit) おじゃましました
渡す to hand over; pass (to) (V1) わたす
これは少しですが... This is a small gift (used when presenting someone with a gift)
そろそろ失礼。 It's almost time (for me) to leave そろそろしつれい
また、いらして下さい。 Please come again (more polite than また、来て下さい。)
畏まりました。 Certainly, Sir/Madam (used to politely acknowledge a request) かしこまりました
申し訳ございませんか。 I'm sorry (polite version of ごめんなさい。) もうしわけございませんか
とんでもございません。 Don't mention it (politely denies what the other person says)
はっきり clearly
店員 store clerk てんいん
尊敬語 respect language そんけいご
謙譲語 humble language けんじょうご
丁寧語 polite language ていねいご
紅茶 black tea こうちゃ
握手をする to shake hands (V3) あくをする
Created by: TsukiRaion