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Chapter 6

Life Span Development

QuestionAnswer
adolescents persons who are 12 to 18 years of age.
anxious- avoidant attachment a bond between an infant and his or her parent or caregiver in which the infant is repeatedly rejected and develops an isolated lifestyle that does not depend on the support and care of others.
atherosclerosis a disorder in which cholesterol and calcium build up inside the walls of the blood vessels, forming plaque, which eventually leads to partial or complete blockage of blood flow.
harotrauma injury resulting from pressure disequilibrium across the body surfaces, for example from too much pressure in the lungs.
bonding the formation of a close, personal relationship.
conventional reasoning a type of reasoning in which a child looks for approval from peers and society.
early adults persons who are 19 to 40 years of age.
fontanelles areas where the infant's skull has not fused together; usually disappear at approximately 18 months of age.
infants persons who are from 1 month to one year of age.
late adults persons who are 61 years old or older.
life expectancy the average number of years a person can be expected to live.
middle adults persons who are 41 to 60 years of age.
moro reflex an infant reflex in which, when an infant is caught off guard, the infant opens his or her arms wide, spreads the fingers, and seems to grab at things.
neonate persons who are birth to 1 month of age.
nephrons the basic filtering units in the kidneys.
palmar grasp an infant reflex that occurs when something is placed in the infants palm; the infant grasps the object.
postconventional reasoning a type of reasoning in which a child bases decisions based on his or her conscience.
preconventional reasoning a type of reasoning in which a child acts almost purely to avoid punishment to get what he or she wants.
preschoolers persons who are 3 to 6 years of age.
rooting reflex an infant reflex that occurs when something touches an infants cheeks, and the infant instinctively turns his or her head toward the touch.
school age a person who is 6 to 12 years of age.
secure attachment a bond between an infant and his or her parent or caregiver, in which the infant understands that his or her parents or caregivers will be responsive to his or her needs and take care of him or her when he or she needs help.
sucking reflex an infant reflex in which the infant starts sucking when his or her lips are stroked.
terminal drop hypothesis the theory that a person's mental function declines in the last 5 years of life.
toddlers persons who are 1 to 3 years of age.
trust and mistrust a phrase that refers to a stage of development from birth to approximately 18 months of age, during which infants gain trust of their parents or caregivers if their world is planned, organized, and routine.
Created by: lharbridge