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MedSurge-CARDIO

Med Surge CARDIO review

QuestionAnswer
Check Conjuctiva, lower lids for signs of? anemia
Lack of hair on areas of lower limbs may indicate _____ _____. vascular disease
Lower limbs should be inspected for? cellulitis, varicose veins, ulcers
By age 75, a person may have only _____% of the normal number of pacemaker cells, which accounts for? 10%, sinus dysrhythmias
In elderly, the PR, QRS and/or QT intervals (increase / decrease) increase, in about 50% of elderly
Area around the mouth should be checked for? iron deficiency anemia (visible w/cracking) / Vitamin B deficiency
Tongue should be checked for signs of _____. dehydration (swollen tongue)
Hypertension (is / is not) considered a normal part of aging process? is not; should be treated
Postprandil Hypotension is? decrease in BP by @ 20 mmHg within 75 minutes of eating
Fingernail clubbing is indicative of? chronic respiratory or cardiovascular disease
Internal Jugular Vein (JVP) should be below _____ cm. 2cm
A raised JVP may indicate what? right sided heart failure / classic sign of HTN
Carotid pulse should be checked for? bruit (sign of sever coronary artery disease), use bell
Pericarditis can be assessed at which areas? precordium area / mitral area
Point of maximum impulse is at the _____. apex (at the 5th intercostal space, mid-clavicular line)
If you cannot palpate apical pulse while pt. is supine, what should be done? have pt. turn onto their left side, so heart is closer
Diaphram picks up _____, bell picks up higher pitched; lower pitched heart sounds
Check Conjuctiva, lower lids for signs of? anemia
Lack of hair on areas of lower limbs may indicate _____ _____. vascular disease
Lower limbs should be inspected for? cellulitis, varicose veins, ulcers
By age 75, a person may have only _____% of the normal number of pacemaker cells, which accounts for? 10%, sinus dysrhythmias
In elderly, the PR, QRS and/or QT intervals (increase / decrease) increase, in about 50% of elderly
Area around the mouth should be checked for? iron deficiency anemia (visible w/cracking) / Vitamin B deficiency
Tongue should be checked for signs of _____. dehydration (swollen tongue)
Hypertension (is / is not) considered a normal part of aging process? is not; should be treated
Postprandil Hypotension is? decrease in BP by @ 20 mmHg within 75 minutes of eating
Fingernail clubbing is indicative of? chronic respiratory or cardiovascular disease
Internal Jugular Vein (JVP) should be below _____ cm. 2cm
A raised JVP may indicate what? right sided heart failure / classic sign of HTN
Carotid pulse should be checked for? bruit (sign of sever coronary artery disease), use bell
Pericarditis can be assessed at which areas? precordium area / mitral area
Point of maximum impulse is at the _____. apex (at the 5th intercostal space, mid-clavicular line)
If you cannot palpate apical pulse while pt. is supine, what should be done? have pt. turn onto their left side, so heart is closer
Diaphram picks up _____, bell picks up higher pitched; lower pitched
Normally there is a reduction of _____ mm Hg in SBP supine to standing position 20
BP measurements may vary from _____ to _____ mm Hg bilaterally 5, 15 mm Hg
Normal pulse will feel like a ____, narrowed or bulging vessel wall will _____. tap, vibrate
Heaves are? sustained lifts of the chest wall in the pre-cordial area that can be seen or palpated
S1, S2 sounds are best heard with the _____ of the stethoscope diaphragm
Created by: fluency