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phantom pain sensation that follows the amputation of a limb or breast, nerve path is still there
intractable pain persists even though treated with analgesics
radiating pain pain that spreads outward, starts in one place spreads to larger area
visceral pain originates in body internal orgins, poorly localized, difuse, hard to locate
cutaneous pain involves skin or subcutaneous tissue
neuropathic results from an injury or abnormality of peripheral nervous system or CNS, cause unknown
referred pain originates in one part of the body but felt in an area distant from origin
somatic originates in tendons, ligaments, bone
vascular occurs with dilitation or constriction of blood vessels
predictable situation or treatment too take place that is known to cause pain
pyschogenic physical cause for pain can not be determined, pain is real
characteristics of acute pain rapid on set, protective in nature, emotional response - anxiety and fear
characteristics of chronic pain not protective in nature, misunderstood, pain persists longer than 6 months, emotional component- depression and hopelessness
transduction activation of pain receptors, conversion of pain stimuli into electrical impulse
transmission nerve pathways carry impulse of painful stimuli to brain
perception persons interpretation of pain
modulation natural process by which pain is inhibited or modified
gate controll theory another peripheral nerve stimulation (hot, cold, touch, vibration) travels along nerve fibers faster than pain stimuli, pain stimuli can't get through
relaxation reduced intensity, relief from tension or strain, put at ease. must acheive prior to having ability to sleep
rest person feels mentally refreshed, decreased activity, physically calm
sleep a cyclical physiological process, state of rest with altered consciousness
circadian rhythm bio-rhythm of sleep, sleep-wake cylce
NREM sleep deep, restful sleep, physical resoration
REM sleep Vivid, busy dreaming, replenishes psychological functioning
factors affecting sleep lifestyle, dietary habits, illness, environment, stress level
Created by: emlric