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States of Matter

QuestionAnswer
4 states of matter solids, liquids, gases, plasma
Solids have what kind of structure definite
In solids, atoms are unable to move how? freely
Gas particles spread out as _______ as possible. far
Do liquids have a higher amount of energy than solids? yes
What are examples of the three states of water liquid - gas solid - ice gas - vapor
What rises as energy is added to water temperature
Plasma makes up most of what? Solar System
What does plasma carry? electric currents
Which state of matter has the most energy? plasma
Who invented the first temperature scale? Daniel Fahrenheit
On the Fahrenheit scale, water boils at what temperature? 212 degrees
On the Fahrenheit scale, water freezes at what temperature? 32 degrees
On the Celcius scale, water boils at what temperature? 100 degrees
On the Celcius scale, water freezes at what temperature? 0 degrees
Water molecules are both ___________ and ___________? positive and negative
Water is also known as what? universal solvent
What happens to water when it freezes? expands
Most matter will do one of two things when it freezes expand or contract
If a substance has a large concentration of hydrogen ions it is a what? acid
What is the PH range for acids? below 7
What is the neutral point of the PH scale? 7
What is the PH range for bases? above 7
What is an example of very strong acids? battery acid
What is an example of a weak acid? milk
What prevents pH from changing much, if at all? buffers
What is an example of a buffer? saliva
What is an example of a strong base? drain cleaners
What is an example of a weak base? baking soda
What are two types of heat engines? internal and external combustion engines
In external combustion engines, fuel is burned where? outside the cylinder
In internal combustion engine, fuel is burned where? inside the cylinder
What is an example of an external combustion engine? steam engine
What is an example of an internal combustion engine diesel or gas engines
Which state of matter has more energy than the gas state? plasma
What is unique about an absolute scale? it has no negative values
when fluids flow slowly, they are said to have what type of viscosity? high viscosity
The concentration of which atom determines pH on the pH scale? hydrogen atom
Created by: courtneydmann