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Chapter1 Government

Chapter 1: Introducing Government in America

Individualism A belief that individual problems can be solved by individual, not governmental, solutions.
Gross Domestic Product The total values of all goods and services produced annually by the United States.
Policy Gridlock Where each interest uses its influence to thwart policies they oppose so that no coalition forms a majority to establish policy.
Hyperpluralism Argues that too many strong influential groups cripple the government's ability to make coherent policy by deciding government and its authority.
Elite and Class Theory Argues that society is divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite rules on the basis of their wealth.
Pluralist Theory Argues that there are many centers of influence in which groups compete with one another for control over public policy through bargaining and compromise.
Representation The relationship between the leaders and the followers.
Minority Rights Protecting the rights and freedoms of the minority in choosing among policy alternatives.
Majority Rule Weighing the desires of the majority in choosing among policy alternatives.
Traditional Democratic Theory A set of principles which specify how a democratic government makes its decisions including equality in voting, effective participation, enlightened understanding, citizen control of the agenda,inclusion, majority rule,minority rights, and representation.
Democracy A means of selecting policy makers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences.
Policy Impacts The effects of a policy on people an society's problems.
Public Policy A choice that government makes in response to some issue on its agenda.
Policy-making Institutions Institutions such as Congress, the presidency and the Courts established by the Constitution to make policy.
Political Issue This arises when people disagree about a problem or about public policy choices made to combat a problem.
Policy Agenda The list of subjects or problems to which people inside and outside government are paying serious attention to at any given time.
Linkage Institutions Institutions such as parties, elections, interest groups, and the media, which provide a linkage between the preferences of citizens and the government's policy agenda.
Policy-making System Institutions of government designed to respond to each other and the priorities of the people by governmental action.
Single-Issue Groups Groups so concerned with one matter that their members cast their votes on the basis of that issue only.
Political Participation The ways in which people get involved in politics.
Politics Determines whom we select as out government leaders and what policies they pursue; in other words who gets what; when, and how.
Public Goods Things that everyone can share.
Government Institutions that make public policy for a society.
Created by: Cunningham101



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