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Jurisprudence The study of law and legal philosophy.
Criminal laws Regulate public conduct and set out duties owed to society.
Felonies Serious crimes such as murder or robbery.
Misdemeanors Less serious crimes such as simple assault or minor theft.
Civil action Lawsuit, Can be brought by a person who feels wronged or injured by another person.
Defendant Person accused of committing the crime.
Plaintiff Person or company harmed against the defendant.
Prosecutor The government's attorney in a criminal case.
Beyond a reasonable doubt Level of proof required to convict a person of a crime.
Preponderance of the evidence Standard of proof used in a civil suit; the burden of proof that a party must meet in order to win the lawsuit. To win a party must provide evidence that is more convincing than other side's evidence.
Limited government Basic principle of your constitutional system.
Separation of powers The division of power among the branches of government (executive, legislative and judicial).
Statutes Laws enacted by legislatures.
Checks and balances The power of each of the 3 branches of government (legislative, judicial, executive) to limit the other branches' power, so as to prevent an abuse.
Veto Refuse to approve laws passed by Congress. Power of the president.
Judicial Review Enables a court to cancel any law passed by congress or a state legislature that conflicts with the nation's highest law, the Constitution.
Unconstitutional Conflicting with some provision of the constitution.
Conflict of interest When a person has two or more concerns that are incompatible.
Independent counsel Attorney hired to be impartial.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the Constitution, which guarantee basic individual rights to all persons in the U.S.
Created by: jsteeb
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