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AMS SOL 6.6 part 2

Conduction the transfer of heat that occurs when molecules touch and pass the heat along
Examples of Conduction heat traveling down a match, burning feet on sand, food cooking in a frying pan
Convection the transfer of heat by the flow of material causing a current to form
Examples of Convection water boiling, ocean currents, heat from a vent spreading out in a room
Radiation heat transfer in the form of rays or waves
Examples of radiation rays of sunlight coming to Earth, heat waves coming off a fire
Polar Easterlies wind that travels from east to west near the North and South poles
Westerlies wind that travels west to east; crosses the United States
Trade Winds Winds that cross the major oceans, helped early sailors to navigate
Doldrums windless zone near the equator with daily rainfall
Coriolis Effect the rotation of Earth causes wind to curve and creates ocean gyres
Global Winds effect the entire planet, caused by the Coriolis Effect and uneven heating of Earth
Jet Stream a narrow belt of strong winds traveling west to east in the upper Troposphere
gyres rotating ocean current
gyre pollution problems plastics end up in the oceans, some break down and are eaten by fish, some wash up on beaches, and many end up trapped in the gyre whirlpools
anemometer measures wind speed
barometer measures air pressure
occurs in low air pressure stormy, cloudy weather
occurs in high air pressure clear dry weather
compass tells direction, red always points North
hygrometer measures humidity
humidity water vapor in the air
radar shows precipitation on a weather map
rain guage measures rain fall
satellite can be used to view clouds from space in order to help predict weather
thermometer measures temperature
weather balloon carries instruments to measure weather conditions at high altitudes
wind vain indicates the direction wind is coming from
cirrus thin feathery clouds that indicate fair or changin weather
stratus low blanket of clouds that covers the sky and usually indicates rain or snow
cumulus fluffy white clouds
cumulonimbus very tall dark storm clouds
rain precipitation that occurs when the air temperature is above freezing
snow occurs when water vapor changes directly to a solid
sleet forms as rain falls through layers of freezing air on its way down
hail pellets of ice that grow larger as they are blown back up in the clouds
condensation water vapor changes to a liquid
dew point the temperature at which condensation occurs
weather the state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place
wind air moving in a specific direction; caused by uneven heating
Created by: sford