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Fundamentals of Nursing

a Before
AED Automated External Defibrillator
a.c. Before meals
ADL Activities of daily living
ASA Aspirin
AMA Against medical advice
AMI Acute myocardial infarction
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
b.i.d. Twice a day
BP Blood pressure
BRP Bathroom privileges
BS Breath sounds or bowel sounds or blood sugar
BVM Bag-valve-mask
c/o Complaining of
Ca Cancer/carcinoma
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/emphysema/chronic bronchitis
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
CXR Chest x-ray
d/c Discontinue
DM Diabetes mellitus
DOA Dead on arrival
DOB Date of birth
Dx Diagnosis
ECG or EKG Electrocardiogram
ETOH Alcohol/ethanol
Fx Fracture
GI Gastrointestinal
GSW Gun shot wound
gtt Drop
GU Genitourinary
GYN Gynecologic
h or hr Hour
H/A Headache
HEENT Head, ears, eyes nose, throat
Hg Mercury
h/o History of
hs At bedtime
HTN Hypertension
H&P History and physical
Hx History
ICP Intracranial pressure
ICU Intensive care unit
IM Intramuscular
IO Intraosseous
JVD Jugular venous distension
KVO Keep vein open
L Left or liter
LAC Laceration
LOC Level of consciousness
LR Lactated Ringers solution
mcg Micrograms
MS Morphine sulphate or multiple sclerosis
NAD No apparent distress
NC Nasal cannula
NKA No known allergies
npo Nothing by mouth
NRB Non-rebreather mask
NTG Nitroglycerin
N/V Nausea/vomiting
O2 Oxygen
OB Obstetrics
OD Overdose
OR Operating room
PCN Penicillin
PEA Pulseless electrical activity
PERL Pupils equal and reactive to light
PID Pelvic inflammatory disease
PND Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
po By mouth
PRN As needed
PSVT Paroxysmal supra ventricular tachycardia
Pt Patient
PTA Prior to arrival
PVC Premature ventricular contraction
q.h. Every hour
q.i.d. Four times a day
R Right
r/o Rule out
Rx or Tx Treatment
SIDS Sudden infant death syndrome
SOB Shortness of breath
stat Immediately
SVT Supraventricular tachycardia
TIA Transient ischemic attack
t.i.d. Three times a day
TKO To keep open
V.S. Vital signs
X Times
w/o or s Without
WNL Within normal limits
y/o or y.o. Years old
^ Change
+ Positive
- Negative
AM Morning, before noon
PC After meals
PM Evening, before midnight
NKDA No known drug allergies
IVPB IV piggy back
Created by: mrscherish